Cherokee Removal 1

Cherokee Removal 1 - CherokeeRemoval,Part1...

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Cherokee Removal, Part 1  1. Removal and US Indian Policy 2. The Separation Solution 3. Georgia’s Aggression, 1801-1829  4. The Indian Removal Act, 1830  Removal and United States Indian Policy Is it ultimately better to assimilate Native people or segregate Native people?   o This debate continues to go back and forth over time The Supreme Court increasingly became the arbiter of Indian policy.   There are also emerging lines of conflict within Native communities: o “full-bloods” vs. “mixed bloods” “full-bloods” tend to be more interested in preserving traditionalism “mixed bloods” more willing to entertain change  o “progressives” vs. “traditionalists”   Fewer people have direct contact with Native people; perception vs. reality in the making of Indian  policy  Groups living in agricultural desirable locations faced more pressure to relocate than other groups.       Options for Dealing with the “Indian Question” between 1800-1830  Four basic solutions o Launch wars of conquest and exterminate the Indians.  The dominate people should make all  of the rules. o We needed to increase the rate at which Native people assimilate (minority position) o We need to protect Native’s ancestral territories and rights and leave them alone o Removal of Indians to distant lands.  Of all of the solutions, it was the least costly.  It was seen  as cheaper than investing in the assimilation effort and it didn’t get into the legal problems  associated with protecting Native lands.  
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Seed of Removal #1: 1802 Georgia Session Georgia cedes western land claims to the United States for “several million dollars” and federal 
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Cherokee Removal 1 - CherokeeRemoval,Part1...

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