Native American Final Exam Review Sheet

Native American Final Exam Review Sheet - :History2660...

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Final Exam Review Sheet: History 2660 Identifications  Louisiana Purchase In 1803, the United States acquires more than 800K square miles of territory between the Mississippi  and the Rocky Mountains.  For $15 million, the United States doubled its size overnight.  The land was  dry and bad for agriculture; therefore, the purchase was seen as an outlet for Indians residing east of  the Mississippi.  The land was never seen as useful to English settlers, and removal of eastern Indians  to presumably “empty” lands beyond the Mississippi became a practical possibility after 1803.     Georgia Resolutions In response to the Cherokee Constitution, the Georgia General Assembly passed the Georgia  Resolutions in 1827.  They asserted complete sovereign dominion and control over all of the people  within its borders, including the Cherokee.  This claim implied that the federal government had no  authority in dealing with the Cherokees and it authorized the state to simply invade Cherokee land and  take it.     Manifest Destiny  Manifest Destiny is the historical belief that the United States is destined to expand across the North  American continent.  Journalist John O’Sullivan used the phrase in an 1845 essay called, “The Great  Nation of Futurity.”  For the first time, O’Sullivan talked about the US as a continental nation extending  to the Pacific Ocean and his ideology encouraged American settlement of Indian land in the Great  Plains.  Many American believed that they had a God-given right to extend American blessings to  Native Americans they encountered; by 1860, there are 1.5 million white settlers West of the  Mississippi  Treaty of Ft. Laramine (1868)  The Treaty of Ft. Laramine guaranteed the Black Hills to the Lakota Indians in 1868.  Viewed as sacred  territory, Native Americans killed prospectors who trespassed on the land and violation of this treaty  eventually led to the Black Hills War in 1876.   Zitkala-Sa
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Born Gertrude Simmons in 1876, Zitkala-Sa was a teacher, musician, political activist, and author. Her  autobiographical writings described her early life on the Yankton Reservation, her years as a student at  boarding schools, and the time she spent teaching at Carlisle Indian Industrial School.  Her writings  described the hardships and obstacles that she and other Native Americans encountered at boarding  schools.  In 1926, after she left Carlisle and returned to Yankton, she and her husband formed the  National Council of American Indians.   Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock     
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