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Unformatted text preview: Adapting to Conditions, 1880-1934 23/03/2009 10:02:00 ← ← 1. The Dawes General Allotment Act, 1887-1934 ← 2. Adaptations and Responses ← 3. The Politics of Wild West Shows, 1883-1910 ← ← Context of Allotment • During the last two decades of the 20 th century, the government and private citizens joined forces to reduce native people’s land base by 60% and to challenge traditional lifestyles • There is no more frontier to relocate native people. Without land beyond the frontier, the solution to the problem focused on assimilation (making Natives citizens). This was part of an anxiety within the USA that focused on preserving national character and cohesiveness (anxiety as a result of immigration and fears about how they would assimilate) • Native Americans become a “test case” for assimilation. They are fixed on reservations and identifiable. They can be targeted for assimilation in ways that immigrants from Eastern Europe can not. The assimilation for Natives became a way that people in power showed that assimilation/the melting pot could be successful. • Existing precedent for allotment in severalty in federal treaties around 1805-1871 ← ← The primary group that was pushing the idea of allotment was called “Friends of the Indian.” They were Eastern socialites (wealthy, had plenty of leisure time), mostly white women. They met annually between 1883 and 1917 and “pondered the problem of the Indian” at Lake Mohonk. Very few of these people new an Indians 1917 and “pondered the problem of the Indian” at Lake Mohonk....
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- Fall '08
- Native people