Conflict in Colombia

Conflict in Colombia - I. Conflict in Colombia a. History...

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I. Conflict in Colombia a. History i. First Spanish settlement in 1525, Santa Marta ii. In 1810 the citizens created the first representative council to defy Spanish authority. Independence declared in 1813. iii. 1819 formation of the Republic of Greater Colombia iv. First president Simon Bolivar, supporters later formed the Conservative Party (strong centralized government, alliance with the Roman Catholic Church) v. Vice President Santander, supporters formed the Liberals (decentralized government, state controlled education and civil matters, broader suffrage) vi. War between the two parties, The War of a Thousand Days (1899-1903) est. 100,000 lives lost vii. La Violencia (1946-1957) est. 300,000 lives lost 1. La Violencia (The Violence) and the National Front The assassination of Liberal leader Jorge Eliecer Gaitan in 1948 sparked the bloody conflict known as La Violencia . Conservative Party leader Laureano Gomez came to power in 1950, but was ousted by a military coup led by General Gustavo Rojas Pinilla in
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This note was uploaded on 02/25/2012 for the course CHEM 1341 taught by Professor Compton during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.

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Conflict in Colombia - I. Conflict in Colombia a. History...

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