hist 172 notes

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Hist 172 Notes Age of Corporations (1890-present) (Feb 15) o corporate values as national values: planning, hierarchy, communications, growth, expertise, boundless  markets in a bounded nation people with money’s values become national values o for the first time in American history, there is a successful collective effort by  “people of influence” to directly shape the ideology of the masses o “Reunification” of America process to rectify ideologies between the North and South, Republicans  and Democrats crushed class and labor issues attempt to unify used entertainment venues to do so fairs, sports national identity around sports distraction purposes successful collective effort to shape the ideologies of the masses attempt to create an image of American utopia o World’s Fairs 1876-1916 over 100 million visitors nationwide “The White City”—racial connotations Columbian Exposition, 1893 Ferris Wheels Cameras Items displayed to show “progress” The International Exposition was held in a building which was  devoted to electrical exhibits o General Electric Company backed by Thomas Edison and JP Morgon Some firsts: Cracker Jacks, Quaker Oats, shredded wheats Zoo exhibits of savages (on the other side of the White City) o Sol Bloom, Midway sideshows o Savage Indians; Filipinos; gypsies o The Dahomeyan Village represented the most “primitive”  and “savage” race; all intended to convince white  fairgoers of their racial and cultural superiority o Fair divided into “civilization” vs. “savagery”; a virtual  education o Justify racism and creation of empire abroad
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o white supremacy as a utopian agency o to mute class differences, but to unify national sense of  purpose o Frederick Jackson Turner—Frontier Thesis Thesis became popular among intellectuals; explained America as  “exceptional;” sounded an alarming note about the future—the closure of  the West represented the beginning of a new stage o The Quest for Empire Roosevelt, Sen. Henry Cabot Lodge, Elihu Root, Capt. Alfred T. Mahan Rise in “Yellow” journalism (William Randolph Hearst and Joseph  Pulitzer); clamor for new territories; American “help” for the foreign  “other” Explosion of the Maine—war with Spain o Hawaii (1893) and the Dole pineapple empire; forced revolution (1887), and  forced them to except a new constitution, stripped native voting rights, imposed  income and wealth requirements Sanford B. Dole example shows that this happened over and over—in Cuba, Philippines,  etc. prominent business owners
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This note was uploaded on 02/25/2012 for the course HIST 3373B taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.

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