history final 94 review

history final 94 review - SecondPartySystem % % -Political...

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Second Party System % % -Political system used in the US from 1828-1854. -Starting in 1828, the rapid rising of election day turnout, rallies, partisan newspapers, and high degree of personal loyalty to party. % % % The major parties were the Democratic Party, led by Andrew Jackson,- dominant in south, % Stephen Douglas was a northern democrat with the ideas that a middle ground should be found, immigrants liked this party because it was against temperance and abolition= safe jobs, thought bank of US was corrupt in every way, Jackson believed he was robbed of presidency, wanted government to be responsive to popular opinions of the people, hated the federalists idea of elite politicians, states right's= national idea and represents democracy, preserves the union, and protects slavery % % % the Whig Party, a coalition of National Republicans, and other opponents of Jackson, led by Henry Clay, wanted federal aide to internal improvement, Bank of US, high tariffs on imported foods encourages internal economy to be independent % along with Daniel Webster Minor parties that operated included the Anti- Masonic Party, which was an important innovator from 1827–34, the Liberty Party in 1840, % the Free Soil Party in 1848 and 1852- (Republicans) believed slavery posed threat to country's well-being, appeal rested with free labor which would lead to rise economically, they hated that there was no class movement in the south % and the Know-Nothing Party in the 1850s. % % % % % -The Second Party System reflected and shaped the political, social, economic and cultural currents of the Jacksonian Era. % -The Second Party System came about primarily because of Jackson's determination to destroy the Second Bank of the United States . % -party collapses in wake of Kansas Nebraska Act % -Whigs are divided into free soil Whigs and conservative Whigs, this results in two parties of almost all northern people % **Martin Van Buren and Second Party System- talented political influence,
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takes advantage of Missouri Compromise issues, wants to create true political parties to make sectional division, Jeffersonian opinion with small businesses, competition and party divisions inevitable and healthy, thinks this will weaken tensions between geographical regions (north and south), panic of 1819 brought opportunity to bring classes together and create active people **The democratic party was the only party that survived in the second party system. Emancipation Proclamation  % As early as 1849, Abraham Lincoln believed that slaves should be emancipated, advocating a program in which they would be freed gradually. Early in his presidency, still convinced that gradual emancipation was the best course, he tried to win over legislators. To gain support, he proposed that slave owners be compensated for giving up their "property." Support was not forthcoming. In September of 1862, after the Union's victory at Antietam, Lincoln issued a preliminary decree stating that, unless the rebellious states returned to the Union
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This note was uploaded on 02/25/2012 for the course HIST 3373B taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.

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history final 94 review - SecondPartySystem % % -Political...

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