History Presidential Outline 16- Abraham Lincoln

History Presidential Outline 16- Abraham Lincoln - Abraham...

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Unformatted text preview: Abraham Lincoln Presidential Outline I. Name: Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 April 15, 1865) II. State of Birth/State which he ran for President: Illinois III. Educational and Occupational Background: Lincoln began his political career in 1832 at the age of 23 with a campaign for the Illinois General Assembly as a member of the Whig Party. He taught himself the law, and was admitted to the Illinois State Bar Association in 1837. Lincoln served four successive terms in the Illinois House of Representatives, as a representative from Sangamon County, beginning in 1834. He became a leader of the Whig party in the legislature. IV. Dates of Term/Terms of Office: March 4, 1861 April 15, 1865 V. Prominent Issues in Election: The nation had been divided on the issue of slavery, with Northerners and Southerners disagreeing over whether or not it should be expanded to the territories, and fighting for each new state admitted to the Union. Since the nation was so divided, there was no president that the North and the South both liked. Lincoln did not win a single slave state and thus he was portrayed as a threat. VI. Opponents: Stephen A. Douglas Democrat, John C. Breckinridge Democrat, and John Bell - Union VII. Vice President: Hannibal Hamlin (1861 to 1865); Andrew Johnson (March - April 1865) VIII. Political Party: Republican IX. Major Domestic Happenings: - 1861, Abraham Lincoln becomes President. Inaugurated February 12, 1809, Abraham Lincoln became the 16 th President of the United States. By the time Lincoln took office, seven states SC, MS, FL, AL, GA, LA, and TX in the south seceded from the Union and formed the Confederate States of American. Lincolns inauguration as President marked an end to the Union.- 1861, First Battle of Bull Run. This was the first major battle of the Civil War which occurred in Northern Virginia. The Union army led by General McDowell marched south from Washington all the way to the town of Manassas. They aimed to defeat the Confederate army, and quickly. The Confederate army, which was led by General Beauregard, moved behind Bull Run, a stream in Manassas, and called for reinforcements to equal the number of Union soldiers. The reinforcements arrived just in time, one day before the Union attacked. The Union attack was successful until the Confederates fought back, scaring away many of the Union. McDowell retreated to Washington because he could not control his men. The Confederates were equally disorganized and thus could not pursue the Union fleers. This showed that Lincolns men were not up to the job of fighting the Confederates. - 1862, Battle of Monitor and Merrimac . Monitor and Merrimac were two ships that fought off the coast of Virginia. Merrimac was the Confederate ship, renamed Virginia at the time, and they had tried to stop the Union blockade. Since the Merrimac was an iron ship, it sunk two Union ships. The Union then sent Monitor , another iron ship, a few hours later, stopping the Confederates from trying to stop the naval blockade. This showed that the naval forces of the Confederates from trying to stop the naval blockade....
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History Presidential Outline 16- Abraham Lincoln - Abraham...

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