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History Presidential Outline 17 - Andrew Johnson

History Presidential Outline 17 - Andrew Johnson - Andrew...

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Andrew Johnson Presidential Outline I. Name: Andrew Johnson (December 29, 1808 – July 31, 1875) II. State of Birth/State which he ran for President: North Carolina/Tennessee III. Educational and Occupational Background: He was too poor for a school so his family sent him to a tailor to learn trade. He opened a tailor shop and was given an education by his wife. He bought a farm later and became mayor of Greenville, Tennessee. He was also a governor and in the House of Representatives. He was active in the military, was chairman of the U.S. House Committee on Public Expenditures, and later became the Vice President. IV. Dates of Term/Terms of Office: April 15, 1865 – March 3, 1869 V. Prominent Issues in Election: Johnson did not receive an election in that he took over for Lincoln when he was assassinated. He struggled to maintain stability both within and outside of the government. VI. Opponents: N/A VII. Vice President: None VIII. Political Party: Democrat IX. Major Domestic Happenings: - 1865, Andrew Johnson becomes President. Andrew Johnson becomes sworn in as President upon the assassination of Lincoln. He maintained Lincoln’s cabinet but faced a divided country. - 1865, Beginning of the Johnson Reconstruction Era. With the assassination of Lincoln, Johnson felt extremely angry towards the Confederate leaders, and thus wanted to harshly punish them. Edward Stanton, Secretary of War, rounded up these leaders. This gave him the support of many Republicans, especially the extremists. However, he still did Lincoln’s plan of reconstruction. Thus, first, all the Confederate whites were to swear an oath to the Union. When 10% of a state’s voting population had taken an oath, that state could form a state government. The state would then have to write a constitution abolishing slavery. At that point, that state could formally be represented in the U.S. Congress. Slowly, Johnson started admitting the Confederate states back to the Union. Slavery was abolished in many conventions and the 13 th amendment was later on passed. - 1865, 13 th Amendment ratified. All the states in the South, excluding Missouri, ratified this new amendment stating that slavery was abolished. - 1865, Black Codes passed in many Southern states. The Black Codes were a set of codes passed in the South that gave rights to free blacks, or blacks who were free, but not yet
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citizens. Although blacks were given a limited amount of civil rights, blacks still could not vote. This was done so that plantations could maintain their workers and whites could still feel superior to blacks. This angered the northerners in that they thought the southerners were
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History Presidential Outline 17 - Andrew Johnson - Andrew...

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