History Presidential Outline 18 - Ulysses Grant

History Presidential Outline 18 - Ulysses Grant - Ulysses S...

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Ulysses S. Grant Presidential Outline I. President Ulysses S. Grant II. State Born: Illinois State Ran For: Illinois III. Educational and Occupational Background: 1843 Graduated from Military Academy 1846-1847 Fought in Mexican War under General Zachary Taylor 1861-1865 Fought in Civil War 1863 Positioned major general in the army 1864 Positioned general in chief in the army 1865 Accepted the surrender of Robert E. Lee 1869-1877 President IV. Terms: 1869-1873 1873-1877 V. Issues: Term 1: N/A Term 2: Greenbacks VI. Opponents: Term 1: Horatio Seymour (Democratic) Term 2: Horace Greeley (Democratic; Liberal Republican) VII. Vice President: Term 1: Schuyler Colfax Term 2: Henry Wilson VIII. Political Party: Republican IX. Major Domestic Happenings Ulysses S. Grant becomes President (1869) After the Johnson administration, the American people were looking for a new and powerful President who could manage through problems and alleviate pressures that the people were faced. They turned to Ulysses S. Grant who was the hero of the Civil War. Very trustworthy, but unfortunately he did not have what a President should have. He lacked political skills and logic to solve the turmoil the country might have to face. Tweed Ring operates in New York City (1869) William M. Tweed was one of the most corrupt bosses of New York City’s Tammany hall during the 1860’s and the 18870’s. His corruptness landed him in jail in 1872. Tweed created a group of city officials; party workers form the Democratic Party, and New York City contractors. They called themselves the Tweed Ring. The ring was full of corruption. Political cartoons by Thomas Nast expose the Tweed Ring (1869) Thomas Nast was a cartoonist for Harper’s Weekly. He became famous because of his depictions of politicians in his political cartoons. Nat drew a picture of Tweed crushing Manhattan with his thumb. Then, when Tweed’s Courthouse was built, the people were very suspicious as to what was going on. He was finally arrested in 1872 for not getting contract bills for the building. New York then decided to sure Tweed $6 million through the
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Supreme Court. Tweed escaped from Jail in 1875 and fled to Spain. A year later, he was found and arrested in Spain and brought back to New York. He died before he was tried. Black Friday Scandal (1869) During the civil war, the United States government issued a form of currency that was had no value instead of credit. The government was planning on taking back the currency and paying it off with gold. Two men and followers, Jay Gould and Jim Frisk decided to take advantage of this situation and decided to take control of the gold market. The two hired Grant’s brother in law, Abel Corbin. He backed the two’s opinions and arguments. Grant was very suspicious of his brother in law’s interest in gold, and exploited their plan.
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History Presidential Outline 18 - Ulysses Grant - Ulysses S...

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