{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

us history notes 278pgs

us history notes 278pgs - THE SOUTHERN COLONIES IN THE 17TH...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
THE SOUTHERN COLONIES IN THE 17TH AND 18TH CENTURIES I. Southern Plantation Colonies -- general characteristics A. Dominated to a degree by a plantation economy: tobacco & rice B. Slavery in all colonies (even Georgia after 1750); mostly indentured servants for until 1676 in Virginia and Maryland -- increasingly black slavery thereafter. C. Large land holdings in the hands of the favored few = aristocratic atmosphere (except N. Carolina and parts of Georgia) D. Sparsely populated: churches & schools too expensive for very small towns. E. All practiced some form of religious toleration -- Church of England (Anglican Church) most prominent F. Expansionary attitudes stimulated in large part due to degradation of soil from tobacco farming. II. The Chesapeake (Virginia & Maryland) A. Virginia (founded in 1607 by Virginia Company) 1. Jamestown, 1607 -- 1st permanent British colony in New World a. Founded by Virginia Company that received charter in London from King James I. i. Main goals: Promise of gold, conversion of Indians to Christianity (just like Spain), and new passage to the Indies. ii. Consisted largely of well-to-do adventurers b. Virginia Charter i. Overseas settlers given same rights of Englishmen in England ii. Became foundation for American liberties; rights extended to other colonies. 2. Colony wracked by tragedy during early years: famine, disease, war with Indians a. By 1625, only 1200 of the nearly 8000 colonists survived b. Only 60 out of 400 settlers survived "starving time" of 1610-1611 3. Captain John Smith organized the colony beginning in 1608: "He who will not work shall not eat." a. Smith kidnapped in Dec. 1607 by Powhatans led by Chief Powhatan who subjected Smith to a what may have been a mock execution. b. Smith perhaps "saved" by Pocahantas, Powatan's daughter, when she was only 12 years old 4. Pocahantas eventually became a central figure in preserving peace in early Jamestown a. Provided foodstuffs to settlers. b. Became hostage of colonists in 1613 during military conflicts. c. Later married John Rolfe & taught him Indian way of curing tobacco. -- Died of small pox at age 22 5. John Rolfe and tobacco crop economy -- "Colony built on smoke" a. Rolfe introduced new tough strain of tobacco b. Tobacco industry became cornerstone of Virginia's economy. c. Plantation system emerged 6. House of Burgesses (an assembly) authorized by London Company in 1619.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
a. 1st of miniature parliament in the British American colonies. b. Representative self-government i. Most representatives were substantial property owners ii.Created as an incentive to attract settlers to the Virginia "Death Trap" 7.Virginia Charter revoked by James I in 1624 a. King believed assembly to seditious but also hated tobacco. b. Virginia became a royal colony directly under his control B. Maryland 1. Charles I gave Sir George Calvert , the first Lord Baltimore, a portion of VA for Catholic haven and profit.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}