us history since 1920

us history since 1920 - HIS 383 US Since 1920 Focus on 3...

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HIS 383 US Since 1920 Focus on 3 main periods The New Deal Era, liberal economic reform and increased gov’t activity 1960s, social upheaval of civil rights era and anti-war movement w/ Vietnam; LBJ and Nixon Rise of modern conservatism, social issues of 70s, gay rights and abortion Sep 15, 2008 Mon Until 1914, America did not seem far removed from its founding. There were people alive who fought in Civil War, whose parents knew Thomas Jefferson, etc., frontier spirit still alive Over the course of WWI, federal govt came to play large role in daily lives of Americans After WWI, govt put an immediate end to wartime regulation and spending Unemployment skyrocketed, postwar inflation where prices skyrocketed Influenza epidemic raged across the country (Over 5x as many Americans died from flu as died from the war) 2 Amendments transformed social fabric of America Prohibition, 18 th amendment in 1919 Extension of voting rights to women with 19 th amendment in 1920 Race riots in “Bloody summer” of 1919 Labor strikes in fall of 1919 Boston police force all went on strike except for a few hundred; mobs looted the city Seemed like America might be on the brink of revolution like the Bolshevik revolution in Russia Red Scare; AG A. Mitchell Palmer had citizens held under suspicion of revolutionary activities, mass deportations of immigrants All this combined; Americans had had enough of change. Did not re-elect Woodrow Wilson in 1920. The Return to Normalcy Republicans knew they would win. Knew they didn’t have to elect a man of great stature, they ran Senator Warren G. Harding. Knew he was inexperienced, appointed old friends for important posts
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Picked campaign manager Harry Daughtery as AG Daughtery and the “Ohio Gang” were massively corrupt; they had alcohol delivered to their house in broad daylight. Daughtery was basically like Al Capone Harding died in 1923 of a brain embolism Widespread corruption of his administration came to light Sec of Interior Albert Fall leased out oil reserves at Elk Hill and Teapot Dome in return for cash and gifts; First cabinet officer in American history to be sent to jail Daughtery burned all of his files and refused to testify, got 2 hung juries Sep 17, 2008 Wednesday Silent, unsmiling Coolidge was the opposite of Harding, represented integrity and seriousness Turned the Republican party into a businessman’s party. Saw that govt interfered with business as little as possible Andrew Mellon, Sec. of Treasury, America’s 3 rd richest man: Wealth should be allowed to do whatever it wants, govt should do as little as possible Basically wiped out all the progressive tax policies of Woodrow Wilson; slashed govt expenditures Bruce Barton was king of advertising, shared unshakable faith in Goodness of business Made religion into a business through The Man Nobody Knows (1925). Jesus was a strong outdoorsman, many businessman, most popular dinner guest in Jerusalem. All work is worship Growing income inequality over 1920s; unequal distribution of wealth was even worse
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This note was uploaded on 02/25/2012 for the course HIST 3373B taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.

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us history since 1920 - HIS 383 US Since 1920 Focus on 3...

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