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religion final - 11/5 Hinduism Approx 1.5 million in US...

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11/5 Hinduism Approx 1.5 million in US – mostly immigrants Support temple culture - Community centers - Use of arts/culture to portray traditions No formal religious training – pick up through osmosis in India but in US have to adapt “cultural Hinduism” History - 1 st account from US sailors/traders, brought home statues/icons/stories - Intellectuals intrigued by it - Vivekanadra o Parliament of World RN a chicago’s world fair - Vendanta temples est’b in 1906 o Practices Juana (knowledge = path of wisdom) Marga – “path” Yoga 3 paths of Hinduism 1. Junana 2. 2. Karma – path of action 3. Bhakti Vedanta - Appeals to people with protestant background - Taught nature of humans is divine - God w in the person - Universalism – all religions are true and to be respected - Appealed to women of upper middle class Many types of temples - Most non-sectarian (contrast to what’s found in india) - Some exceptions – ISCKAN – Hare Krishnas Hare Krishnas Bhakti = devotion - Devotion to Krishna (Vishnu) - Devotion and practice above ritual - Most visible tradition in 1960s in US - Cavdiya Valshnavism – branch of o started by Chattima wahebiber in 1500s o dancing and chanting o how did it come to the US? Praphubodia – came to US wanted to spread it Strict standards – no drinking, eating meat/eggs, no sex outside of marriage o Mvmt plagued by scandal Crisis of leadership and schism after Praphubada’s death Only monolithic mvmt to have any presence in the US Beat mvmt - Poets and Novelists in post WWII era - Jack Kerouc - Alan Ginsberg - Argued for new type of spiritual experiences that cant be found in a church but on the road
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- Failure to arrive at a fixed point, always wandering - Interest in eastern religions - Drawn to Buddhism - Individual experience vs. orthodox tradition Counterculture - Born out of post WWII era - The 1950s – cultural conformity, suburbia conformity - As the 60s progressed – division between generations - Many young people turned to politics; spoke out against V. war - Disdain for large society - Free from shackles of society - Do your own thing - Value new over old; intuitive over rational - Asking people to take drugs to enlighten path to spiritual divinity - Abandoned inherited religious tradition, turned to Buddhism and Hinduism - Many people dropped out of society - Woodstock o Parallel w/ camp meetings? - Themes o Sexual freedom o Self-expression o Trying to find religious truths o Etc o Some of these themes became part of dominant society 11/10 Religion in the 60s and counterculture Civil rights mvmt - Politics and education o After emancipation black and white religious leaders worked together o 15 th amendment – Af. Able to vote o Some blacks begin to hold political positions – looked to black clergy or were black clergy (b/c were highly educated) o Separate but equal enforced white supremacy o Religious organizations developed parallel institutions for blacks o All black schools - Black churches o Meeting places o Only independent black organization in the community o
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