Unformatted text preview: Personality Barnum Effect
Our tendency to accept as valid descriptions of our personality that are generally true of everyone Ex horoscope, fortune tellers, etc. Not Black & White....shades of grey
Suffering.........2........3......4......5........6.......Thrive Bio-psycho-social Model Model 1 is additive factor? 2 factor? 3 factor? implications for health and wholeness Biological: Brain functioning Brain functioning Neurotransmitters Hormonal imbalances Genetic Vulnerability
Genotype: genetic information inherited from one's parents temperament= genetic component Trait theory
A view of Personality that suggests that personality traits, such as shyness are biological predispositions Personality Tests Objectives Self report inventories 16 personality factor MMPI Personality Tests (cont'd) Projectives TAT Rorschach Series of ink blots House tree person Sentence completion Squiggle test Psychopharmacology Neuroscience Physical Phenotype Behavioral Psychological features result of the interaction between one's genes & environment Psychological
Freud Psychological are influential Relationships Psychodynamic Components Unconscious Early development Goodness of Fit Intimate others Friends Post Freudians Adlerian Focusing on your family Position in family Early Recollections Need to understand self Family Personality Disorders: Kohut: Self Psychology Narcissism Object Relations Kernberg: Borderline Rogers: Client Centered Therapy Values of a culture: cross-cultural factors are integral to the study of psychology "In a Mad World only the Mad are Sane". Akira Kurosawa 1910-98 Cultural Norm or Abnormal? SocioCultural Kind of culture you are from will greatly affect your personality different cultures value different things If you have what the culture values, life will be less stressful Socio-Cultural stress will have an effect on personality Culture: Social Cognitive Theories Approach to personality that suggests it is human experiences interpretations of these experiences, that determine growth and development of personality and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Change a behavior Restructure a cognition Freudian Conflicts
Superego Ego - Id Freudian Conflicts Life (eros) Death (thanatos) Love Hate Battle of the wind and sun Defense Mechanisms
Psychic mechanisms that discharge or sooth anxiety Unconscious Reality distorting Repression #1 ego defense mechanism That prevents painful or dangerous thoughts from entering consciousness Repression People have things that are buried alive (something disturbing)--pushed into unconscious comes out in dreams physical symptoms "Freudian slip" Intellectualism Thinking abstractly about stressful or emotional problems in a way of detaching oneself from the situation Reaction Formation Expression of exaggerated ideas & emotions that are the opposite of one's repressed beliefs or feelings Rationalization Self serving explanations & justifications of behavior Displacement Shifting repressed emotions & justifications from an original object to a substitute object Suppression the intentional blocking of recall (back burner) Denial Refusing to acknowledge a painful or threatening reality Undoing Making retribution for an unacceptable act completed or even complicated Ex: confession in Catholicism OCD, Eating disorders Projection attributing your own unacceptable impulses, feelings, or wishes to someone or something else Sublimation: altering unacceptable impulses by changing them to completely acceptable, even admirable, social behaviors Identification Taking on the characteristics of someone else to avoid feeling incompetent What is "Self Psychology"? psychoanalytic 1960's Heinz theory & 70's Kohut, MD psychiatrist at U of C The theory remains popular, particularly in the Midwest What is "Self Psychology"? This theory breaks away from Freud's emphasis on the: aggressive drive defenses Self Cohesion Wholeness Inner Harmony Vitality Feeling Strong Competent Valued Loved Emotional Stability Fragmentation: Continuum Unwhole, dull Emotionally unstable; disarray Disharmony Confusion Devitalized, weak Low self esteem Desperation Feel estranged from body Clumsy, drained, apathy Fragmentation on a continuum Severe..........................................Slight Selfobject Part of the self, which is the subjective experience of who you are "object" in selfobject refers to another person The It's idealized Provides cohesiveness Selfobject Consciously the self knows the object is separate Selfobject This merger provides the self with a feeling of cohesion the merger breaks there is fragmentation If Self objective experience Any experience that functions to maintain a cohesive self experience Mirroring Needs
Need to feel: Valued Recognized Validated Appreciated Accepted Affirmed...especially when show true self Listened to and really heard & understood Idealizing Needs Need to feel part of or connected to an admired & respected object We all contain an internal need to idealize & merge with a perfect other Normal Development Grandiose Self Each of us has an internal need to be exhibitionistic & expansive a result the child experiences self as perfect & without limits As Children need to be noticed & admired Admiration = mirroring Grandiose Self We need this exhibitionism to be mirrored by others Mirroring: decreases exhibitionism increases self-esteem accept self realistically Need for admiration (superhero) diminishes Need for mirroring becomes less needy & raw This fantasy of the PERFECT OTHER matures over the course of childhood #1. Passage through the object Cognitive development allows the child to see their parents' limitations & failures These failures allow the child to see their parents more realistically #2. Digestible disappointments: The parents gradually disappoint & frustrate the child to a gradual loss of idealization bike) Leading (e.g., The 2 processes result in: Loss of some parental idealization This loss helps to see the parent more realistically The 2 processes result in: Internalized idealism increased capacity to feel whole & emotionally stable by oneself ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2012 for the course PSY 120 taught by Professor Donnely during the Fall '08 term at Purdue.
- Fall '08