J.stress - Stress& Health General Adaptation Syndrome...

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Unformatted text preview: Stress & Health General Adaptation Syndrome: model of stress Phase 1: alarm reaction Phase 2: stage of resistance Phase 3: stage of exhaustion General Adaptation Syndrome Stress & Health Mechanism S= stress: decreases lymphocytes hinders your own immune system B bone T thymus R= sick Control Subjective sense of control to stay healthy Learned Helplessness STRESS Old way of looking at stress Life change add stress units Social readjustment rating scale Death of spouse 100 Divorce 73 Jail term 63 Marriage 50 Change in living conditions 25 Vacation 13 Christmas 11 Challenge vs Threat CBT: Example of cognitive restructuring Optimist and happiness Personality Types Type A Very competitive Always on the go, always in a hurry Consistent drive in life Demands perfection Is a workaholic, even at play Personality Types (cont'd) Type B Noncompetitive Relaxed, in control Easygoing Understanding Forgiving Confident & happy in job Enjoys leisure & weekends Stress Eating Good can be *fuel* to a workout night sleep and happiness Aerobic exercise Decrease in: depression Anxiety stress makes all the good chemicals circulate endorphins, morphine, serotonin, etc. Reducing & Coping with Stress Relaxation Techniques Meditation Biofeedback Breathing Relaxation Progressive Concentrate Muscle Relaxation on specific muscle group, note tension, then relax Relaxation (cont'd) Autogenic Directing Relaxation blood flow toward specific muscles, warm & relax Emotion Who is the happiest? Most happy: #1. Married Men #2. Single Women Least happy: #3. Married Women #4. Single Men -5...........0...........+5 Factors related to Happiness Control Optimism Faith Flow Close relationships Purpose in life Helping others Factors related to Happiness Humor Just laugh (LOL), find the humor (chemical release in body) increases serotonin, endorphins Exercise: Positive Psychology The scientific study of OPTIMAL human functioning; aims to discover and promote STRENGTHS and VIRTUES that enable individuals and communities to THRIVE. Seligman (2002) Wisdom and knowledge Curiosity Love of learning Critical Judgment Open-mindedness Creativity Perspective (wisdom) Courage (overcoming opposition) Bravery/ Valor Industry and Perseverance Integrity and Honesty Vitality (zest and enthusiasm) Love Kindness (helping others) Intimate Attachment Social Intelligence Justice Citizenship and Teamwork Fairness and Equity Leadership Temperance Humility Self-Control Prudence and Caution Forgiveness and Mercy Transcendence Appreciation Gratitude Hope of beauty, awe/ wonder and Optimism Playfulness and Humor Spirituality and Purpose ...
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