Lecture 17 Outline

Lecture 17 Outline - if slavery were to expand it would...

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History 151 Lecture 17 Outline The Territorial Issue Joined: Wilmot’s Proviso 1. President Polk Takes Command a) Territorial Objectives: Upper California and a Continental Empire b) Resolution of the Oregon Territory Dispute c) Efforts to acquire Upper California and San Francisco 2. Mexican American War 1846-1848 a) Polk’s Decision to force the issue of California b) Border Skirmishes as an excuse c) Congress declares war: May 1846: Rationale 3. The Background to the Wilmot Proviso a) Military Success in the Field b) Northern Disappointment with a “pro-southern” Polk administration c) Polk’s request for a $2 Million appropriation to acquire territory from Mexico 4. Wilmot’s proviso: Slavery Should never be extended into acquired territory which is now “free” (August 1846) a) Logic: Congress Does not Have the Power to give legal existence to slavery in territories under federal jurisdiction Union based on and devoted to principle of freedom:
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Unformatted text preview: if slavery were to expand it would contradict that principle • The preservation and extension of freedom and liberty lay at the heart of the American Revolution and thus American Political Culture 5. Southern Response: Calhoun Resolutions (February 1847): If Wilmot is correct it means the nation will expand but not the South—slavery follows the flag a) Logic • Congress does not have the power to prevent slaveholders from taking their property into the territories (violation of 5 th Amendment) • Nation devoted to liberty—yes—but also equality: the equality of slaveholders under the Constitution and the South within the Union • Equality lay at the heart of the American Revolution and thus American Political Culture 6. The blades of the shears that will sever the Union in 1860 have been forged...
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2012 for the course HIST 151 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Purdue.

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