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eating-disorders

eating-disorders - Eating Disorders National Institute of...

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Eating Disorders National Institute of Mental Health U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health
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____________________________________________ ________________________ _________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________ _________________________________________ __________________________________________ _____________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______ ____________________________________________________________ ______________________________ Contents What are eating disorders? 1 What are the different types of eating disorders? 2 Anorexia nervosa 2 Bulimia nervosa 3 Binge-eating disorder 4 How are eating disorders treated? 4 Treating anorexia nervosa 4 Treating bulimia nervosa 5 Treating binge-eating disorder 6 How are males affected? 6 What is being done to better understand and treat eating disorders? 7 Citations 8 For more information on eating disorders 10
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Eating Disorders 1 What are eating disorders? An eating disorder is an illness that causes serious distur- bances to your everyday diet, such as eating extremely small amounts of food or severely overeating. A person with an eat- ing disorder may have started out just eating smaller or larger amounts of food, but at some point, the urge to eat less or more spiraled out of control. Severe distress or concern about body weight or shape may also characterize an eating disorder. Eating disorders frequently appear during the teen years or young adulthood but may also develop during childhood or later in life. 1,2 Common eating disorders include anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder. Eating disorders affect both men and women. For the latest statistics on eating disorders, see the NIMH website at http://www.nimh.nih.gov/statistics/index.shtml. It is unknown how many adults and children suffer with other serious, signifcant eating disorders, including one category of eating disorders called eating disorders not otherwise specifed (EDNOS). EDNOS includes eating disorders that do not meet the criteria for anorexia or bulimia nervosa. Binge-eating disorder is a type of eating disorder called EDNOS. 3 EDNOS is the most common diagnosis among people who seek treatment. 4 Eating disorders are real, treatable medical illnesses. They frequently coexist with other illnesses such as depression, substance abuse, or anxiety disorders. Other symptoms, described in the next section can become life-threatening if a person does not receive treatment. People with anorexia nervosa are 18 times more likely to die early compared with people of similar age in the general population. 5
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2 National Institute of Mental Health What are the different types of eating disorders? Anorexia nervosa Anorexia nervosa is characterized by: Extreme thinness (emaciation) A relentless pursuit of thinness and unwillingness to maintain a normal or healthy weight Intense fear of gaining weight Distorted body image, a self-esteem that is heavily infuenced by perceptions of body weight and shape, or a denial of the seriousness of low body weight Lack of menstruation among girls and women Extremely restricted eating.
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