memory slides - Theories of Learning Learning Review PSY...

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PSY 12000: Spring 2012 Purdue University Dr. Wesselmann Learning Review 1 Theories of Learning • Classical Conditioning • Operant Conditioning • Observational Learning 2 Pavlov’s Dogs – Before Conditioning Tone Meat Powder No response Salivation 3 UCS UCR NEUTRAL Pavlov’s Dogs – During Conditioning Tone Meat Powder Salivation 4 CONDITIONING CS UCS UCR
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Pavlov’s Dogs – After Conditioning Tone Salivation 5 CS CR Operant Conditioning Overview Increased likelihood of responding similarly in the future Decreased likelihood of responding similarly in the future Something Given Something Taken Away 6 Observational Learning • Learning that occurs as a result of observing the experiences of others –[ Vicarious learning] Modeling - Natural tendency to imitate behavior of significant others – Strongest when: • Model is viewed positively • Model is rewarded for the behavior 7 Observational Learning 8
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PSY 12000: Spring 2012 Purdue University Dr. Wesselmann Memory 9 Overview Memory - capacity to preserve and recover information – Short Term Memory –Long ±Term ±Memory –Memory±Errors ±[A lzheimer's Disease] 10 Short-Term Memory • Temporarily store, think about, reason with information – 1 to 2 minutes on average • AKA “working memory” – serves as a mental workplace 11 Capacity of Short Term Memory • Memory Span – – Number of items recalled from short-term memory in the exact order they were presented in on half of the tested trials – General Finding = 7 +/- 2 • Partially determined by how much can be rehearsed in a few seconds 12
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Short-Term Forgetting • Rehearsal can prolong short-term memories indefinitely – Without rehearsal, info. typically disappears in
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2012 for the course PSY 120 taught by Professor Donnely during the Spring '08 term at Purdue University.

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memory slides - Theories of Learning Learning Review PSY...

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