8. New Imperialism Handout

8. New Imperialism Handout - 10/24/2011 Life in Colonies...

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10/24/2011 1 Life in Colonies 1750-1914 Objectives Examine the ways in which Europeans created their nineteenth-century empires Consider the 19 th -century development of racism as an outcrop of European feelings of superiority and to investigate the ways in which subject peoples were themselves affected by European racial categorization. Consider the extent to which the colonial experience transformed the lives of Asians and Africans Define some of the distinctive qualities of modern European empires in relationship to earlier examples of empire. Key terms Modern colonialism Civilizing mission Battle of Omdurman Sepoy Rebellion Berlin Conference Monroe Doctrine Roosevelt Corollary Sino-Japanese War (1894) Indentured Servitude Scientific Racism Indian National Congress
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10/24/2011 2 Outline I. The Foundations of Modern Imperialism II. European Imperialism III. The Emergence of New Imperial Powers IV. Legacies of Imperialism I. Foundations of Modern Imperialism A. Motives of Imperialism 2 nd wave colonization characterized by modern “imperialism” Domination in the old fashioned way: by force of arms Domination from trade, investment, and business activities that enabled imperial powers to profit from subject societies and influence their affairs
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10/24/2011 3 Modern Colonialism Colonialism refers not just to the sending of colonists to settle new lands but also to the political, social, economic, and cultural structures that enabled imperial powers to dominate subject lands. Cecil Rhodes (1853-1902) Economic Motives of Imperialism Some advocates argued that imperialism was in the economic interests of European societies as wells as individuals: Reliable sources of raw materials not available in Europe (rubber, tin, copper, petroleum) Market for manufactured goods Haven for migrants in an age of rapidly increasing European population
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10/24/2011 4 Political Motives of Imperialism Even if colonies were not economically beneficial, imperialists held, it was crucial for political and military reasons to maintain them. Why?
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10/24/2011 5 Imperialism instead of Civil War European politicians and national leaders sought to defuse social tension and inspire patriotism by focusing public attention on foreign imperialist ventures. Cultural Justifications of Imperialism Missionaries flocked to African and Asian lands in search of converts to Christianity , Missionaries often opposed imperialist ventures and defended the interests of their converts against European entrepreneurs and colonial officials. Nevertheless, their spiritual campaigns provided a powerful religious justification for imperialism.
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10/24/2011 6 Civilizing Mission Civilizing mission : bring “civilization” in the form of political order and social stability. French imperialists routinely invoked the
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2012 for the course HIST 105 taught by Professor Michaelg.smith during the Fall '08 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

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8. New Imperialism Handout - 10/24/2011 Life in Colonies...

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