10. World Word II%2c Recovery and World Communism Handout

10. World Word II%2c Recovery and World Communism Handout -...

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11/7/2011 1 Announcements Re-write essay for 11/29 Make-up Class on Wednesday 11/16, 6pm in UNIV 119 Final Exam: 13/12, 7pm in UNIV 117 Second World War and Recovery Objectives Consider that in what ways WWII is more than a European conflict Examine the ways in which WWII disrupted civilians lives
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11/7/2011 2 Key Terms Rape of Nanjing Anschluss/Annexation Munich Conference Guernica Holocaust Conference of Yalta Outline I. Origins of World War II II. Total War: The World under Fire III. Life during Wartime IV. Neither Peace nor War I. Origins of World War II Axis Powers : Japan, Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy (formed in October 1936) Allied Powers : France (+ colonies), Great Britain (+ colonies), Commonwealth allies (Canada, Australia, New Zealand), the Soviet Union, China, the United States and its allies in Latin America) Revisionist Powers : they revised, or overthrew, the terms of the post-Great War peace, confronted nations that were committed to the international system and to the avoidance of another world war.
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11/7/2011 3 A. Japan’s War in China Japan’s attacks on China in the 1930s: 1931-1932: Conquest of Manchuria Manchukuo: Japanese puppet state established in Manchuria in 1931. 1933: Japan withdrew from the League of Nations 1937: full-scale invasion of China The Rape of Nanjing China became the first nation to experience the horrors of WWII: brutal warfare against civilians and repressive occupation. Aerial bombing of urban centers Rape of 7,000 women Murders of hundreds of thousands of unarmed soldiers and civilians Burning of 1/3 of the homes in Nanjing Residents of Nanjing became victims of Japanese troops inflamed by war passion and a sense of racial superiority.
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11/7/2011 4 Chinese Resistance 1937: Chinese nationalists and communists had agreed on a “united front” policy against the Japanese, uniting themselves into standing armies of some 1.7 M soldiers. By 1941: in spite of the defeat, they tied down 750,000 Japanese soldiers (1/2 of the army) Throughout the war, risk of civil war between the nationalists and the communists: numerous military clashes about political control
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11/7/2011 5 Chinese Resistance (2) Those clashes rendered Chinese resistance less effective, and while both sides continued the war against Japan, each fought ultimately for its own advantage. The nationalists suffered major casualties in their battles with Japanese forces. Meanwhile, the communists carried on guerrilla operations against the Japanese invaders.
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11/7/2011 6 B. Italian and German Aggression Benito Mussolini promised to bring glory to Italy through the acquisitions of territories that had been denied after the Great War: 1935-36: Conquest of Ethiopia 1936-39: Intervention in the Spanish Civil War on the side of the general Francisco Franco 1939: Annexation of Albania The League of Nations showed little effective
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2012 for the course HIST 105 taught by Professor Michaelg.smith during the Fall '08 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

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10. World Word II%2c Recovery and World Communism Handout -...

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