11. Cold War - The Bipolar World Handout

11. Cold War - The Bipolar World Handout - Cold War The...

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11/14/2011 1 Cold War: The Bipolar World 1947 - 1991 Objectives Consider what the dynamics of the cold war were. Consider the benefits of a communist state Consider the harm caused by the two great communist states of the twentieth century Explain why communism collapsed in the USSR and China Key Terms Berlin Wall Fidel Castro Cuban Missile Crisis Nikita Khrushchev Mikhail Gorbachev Perestroika Warsaw Pact
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11/14/2011 2 Outline I. The Formation of a Bipolar World A. Cold War in Europe B. Confrontations in Korea and Cuba C. Cold War Societies II. Challenges to Superpower Hegemony A. Defiance, Dissent, and Intervention in Europe B. Détente and the Decline of Superpower Influence III. The End of the Cold War A. Revolutions in Eastern and Central Europe B. The Collapse of the Soviet Union I. The Formation of a Bipolar World (1948-1965) A. Cold War in Europe Division of the European continent into competing political, military, and economic blocs: one dependent on the U.S. and one subservient to the USSR. Primary Document: An Iron Curtain
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11/14/2011 3 A Divided Germany 1948-49: international crisis when the USSR pressured the western powers to relinquish their jurisdiction over Berlin. Western powers (F, B, Am) decided to merge their occupation zones in Germany (and in Berlin) into a single economic unit with a new currency, the German mark
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11/14/2011 4 Blockade Soviets retaliated by blockading all road, rail and water links between Berlin and western Germany. Two days later (26 June 1948), Americans and British responded with an airlift designed to keep the city’s inhabitants alive, fed and warm. The airlift lasted 11 months , flying around-the- clock missions. Tensions remained high during the airlift, but the cold war did not turn hot .
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11/14/2011 5 In the aftermath of the Blockade May 1949: the U.S., British, French zone of occupation coalesced to form the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) October 1949: the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) emerged out of the Soviet zone of occupation A similar process repeated itself in Berlin. The West German capital moved to Bonn . Berlin Wall (1961) The communist East German state was hemorrhaging from a steady drain of refugees who preferred life in West Germany. 1949-1961: 3.5 M East Germans crossed the border embarrassing to the East Germany communist leaders. Wall: began as a barbed wire, turned into a barrier with watchtowers , searchlights, antipersonnel mines and border guards.
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11/14/2011 6 The Nuclear Arms Race Central feature of the Cold War : costly arms race and terrifying proliferation of nuclear weapons. Led the creation of
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2012 for the course HIST 105 taught by Professor Michaelg.smith during the Fall '08 term at Purdue.

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11. Cold War - The Bipolar World Handout - Cold War The...

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