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Palfai_Bio_Chap.3

Palfai_Bio_Chap.3 - the liver The neurotransmitters •...

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Biopsychology Definition: bios, psyche, logos Rene Descartes (1596-1650) Cartesian hydro-mechanics The pineal gland
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Biopsych. Julien Offrey de la Mettrie 1748 the enlightened machine Message: to understand the mind study the brain video
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The role of electricity. Luigi Galvani 1792 animal electricity
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The nervous system consists of individual cells Santiago Ramon Cajal (1852-1934) Camillo Golgi (1843-1926) 1906 share the Nobel Prize
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Biopsy. Building blocks of the nervous system The neuron= nerve cell
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Biopsy Types of neurons: sensory, motor and inter
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Chemical transmission Otto Loewi (1873-1961) 1936 Nobel Prize The Loewi experiment
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The synapse The electrochemical nature of neural communication The synapse
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The first neurotransmitter substance Acetylcholine (Ach) cholinergic transmission at the heart Noradrenaline (NA) adrenergic transmission at
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Unformatted text preview: the liver The neurotransmitters • Acethylcholine (ACh) • Noradrenaline (NA) • Dopamine (DA) video • Serotonin (SE) • GABA • Endorphins, peptides, amino acids, endo-cannabinoids Functional Neuro-anatomy • Divisions: – peripheral vs central – somatic vs autonomic – spinal vs cranial – sympathetic vs parasympathetic The Central Nervous System (CNS): the spinal cord and the brain The spinal cord: reflexes, A&D fibers The CNS: the brain • The hindbrain: – medulla, pons, cerebellum The CNS: the brain • Midbrain – tectum, tegmentum, central grey, colliculi The CNS • The old brain: – hypothalamus, thalamus, limbic system, basal ganglia • The new brain (neo cortex): – the lobes The CNS • The new brain • The lobes: The CNS • Broca’s area • Wernicke’s area...
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