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Exam 3 NSD 225 Study Guide Spring 11

Exam 3 NSD 225 Study Guide Spring 11 - • Fed vs fasting...

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Content: Chapters 7: Protein beginning with Proteins in the Body Spotlight on Metabolism Chapter 8: Energy Balance and Weight Management Chapter 9: Vitamins Format: 60 questions: Multiple choice and True/False Focus Areas: Protein: Protein as an energy source Functions of protein Protein deficiency Effects of excess protein intake Protein supplements – effects Protein quality Vegetarian diets o Food groups recommended and relationship to disease Celiac disease Nitrogen balance Metabolism Anabolic, catabolic, aerobic and anaerobic reactions Glycolysis, citric acid cycle and beta-oxidation – general principles – do not memorize all intermediates Cellular structure – cytoplasm and mitochondria Lipogenesis, ketogenesis, ketone bodies
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Unformatted text preview: • Fed vs. fasting state – use of energy (carbohydrates, protein, fat) and hormonal changes (insulin) Energy Balance • Components of energy expenditure o Resting metabolic rate, physical activity, thermic effect of food • Hunger and appetite, what affects satiety • Positive and negative energy balance • Weight management strategies • Fat cells and weight loss • Apple vs. pear shape and relationship to disease Vitamins • Vitamins A, D. E, K, beta-carotene, Thiamin, Riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, vitamin B12, pantothenic acid, vitamin C • Major functions and protective factors (reduced risk for disease) • Deficiencies and toxicities • Water soluble vs. fat soluble • Food sources • choline...
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