Nature of knowledge

Nature of knowledge - Handout What is Knowledge Plato first raised the question what is it to know something Since he did so the following answer

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Handout: What is Knowledge? Plato first raised the question: what is it to know something? Since he did so the following answer, put in different ways, has had a great deal of appeal to a number of philosophers. Knowledge is true justified belief. One point about knowledge that seems reasonably assured is that you cannot know something, unless it is true. That is, truth is necessary for knowledge. As it is said, truth is a necessary condition for knowledge. But, truth is not sufficient for knowledge. There are an infinite number of things that are true, but no one will ever know. As it is said, truth is not a sufficient condition for knowledge. So, what do we have to add to truth to obtain something that is a sufficient condition: is enough for knowledge? It seems that one thing we need to add is belief. In order for you to know something, you have to believe it. So it seems at belief is a necessary condition for knowledge. Despite that, some philosophers have questioned whether belief really is necessary for knowledge. Suppose, you have a student who learns when Gettysburg was fought. Later, she is quizzed about that. When asked about the year of the battle she thinks she does not know it since she has forgotten having learned it. Taking, as it seems to her,
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2012 for the course PHI 107 taught by Professor Mattskene during the Spring '08 term at Syracuse.

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Nature of knowledge - Handout What is Knowledge Plato first raised the question what is it to know something Since he did so the following answer

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