Sociology Midterm Review

Sociology Midterm Review - Culture knowledge language and...

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Culture knowledge, language, and values passed down through generations – a pattern of behaviors – a way of life – passed on from generation to the next human group of society. Culture may be material or non-material – Material culture consists of Urban centers and physical creations of society. Non-Material culture is more abstract and reflects the ideas, values, and beliefs in society – symbols, language, values, and norms Sub-Culture – a culture within a dominant culture – has it’s own values and norms but the same goal and destiny as the dominant culture Group – represents two or more people in society who possess the same values Primary Group – intimacy between two people, love, respect, and sincerity Secondary Group – artificial relationship between two or more people – impersonal and non-intimate Reference Group – group of people with the same intellectual accomplishments – you are inducted into this group by your achievements – has it’s own code of ethics Ethnocentrism – an attitude in which you look at other peoples’ culture as inferior – you judge their culture – arrogance and superiority – extreme pride in ones own culture Anomie – chaos – when a community doesn’t follow their rules and it falls apart – confusion in a community – Emile Durkheim founded the idea Conflict – a direct and consciences struggle among individuals for the same goals in society – Karl Marx looked at society through conflict Social Facts Sociology – Womb to Tomb - scientific study of human behavior that moves man into action – a face-to-face interaction – relationship among people – the study of human society – the systematic study of human society – family is the unit of analysis in sociology Urbanization – when a population moves from rural environment to urban center – rural is open and spacious – farms – agriculture. Suburbs–choose by money status – move to urban for jobs, transportation, and entertainment – society is changing/upward mobility – increased rapidly in the late 18 th century and social thinkers began to examine the consequences of their powerful forces Mores – very strong held beliefs about your culture – ex: Respect - Mores derive from the established practices of a society rather than its written laws. They consist of shared understandings about the kinds of behavior likely to evoke approval, disapproval,
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