Introduction To Basic Concepts-1

Introduction To Basic Concepts-1 - Introduction To...

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Introduction To Arguments Philosophers give reasons for and against the views they advocate. Much of philosophy consists in evaluating such reasons. Reasons that philosophers are concerned to give for believing what they say are arguments. So, it is important to understand what an argument is, and when we should accept , or reject, one. Suppose, I say: Thanks’ to Republican intransigence, Obama will win the next election. In saying this I am making a statement. But, a statement is not an argument. For one thing, statements are true or false. Arguments are not. For another, arguments have premises and a conclusion. Statements do not. Moreover, arguments are valid or invalid. Statements are not. We do talk about statements as valid. Someone could say that the above statement about Obama is valid. But, they would simply mean by that that it is true. For an argument to be valid is not for it to be true. So, what is an argument? For our purposes an argument is a series, or sequence, of statements. For example (1) to (3) below is an argument: (1) My favorite TV program is Foyle’s War. (2) If my favorite TV program is Foyle’s War, my daughter will be bored stiff by Foyle’s War (3) So, My daughter will be bored stiff by Foyle’s War. What makes the sequence of statements (1)
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2012 for the course PHI 107 taught by Professor Mattskene during the Spring '08 term at Syracuse.

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Introduction To Basic Concepts-1 - Introduction To...

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