Chapter 2 - Chapter 2: Theories and thinking about...

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Chapter 2: Theories and thinking about Diversity A. What is a minority? Non-dominant groups that are subordinated to majority or dominant group members in terms of power, prestige, and privilege Dominant group varies in every from country to country -Dominant Group in U.S White males -Dominant Group in China Chinese males -Dominant Group in South Amboy African males Dominant group is usually the largest but not always Four common minority group member characteristics 1. Identifiability non dominant must be easily identifiable to be discriminated 2. Differential Power allows dominant to control the non-dominant 3. Discrimination differential actions that limit social, economic, and political opportunities for members of a particular group 4. Group Awareness non dominant group is aware that as a member of the group they might be subjected to discrimination B. Categorization and identity Prejudice irrationally based, negative attitudes about certain groups and their members Prejudice is an attitude whereas discrimination is behavior based on the attitude Stereotypes overgeneralization of characteristics to large human groups and are the basis for prejudice & discrimination Prescriptive stereotyping perceptions of how people should behave based on their group memberships (women should wear make-up) Descriptive stereotyping ideas about how people do and will behave based on their group memberships (women are caring and therefore are appropriate as nurses and elementary school teachers)
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2012 for the course DIVERSITY 364 taught by Professor Lisacharles during the Spring '12 term at Rutgers.

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Chapter 2 - Chapter 2: Theories and thinking about...

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