Introduction

Introduction - 1 Introduction What is a mineral? A mineral...

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1 Introduction What is a mineral? A mineral is a (i) naturally occurring, (ii) inorganic solid, that has (iii) a specific chemical composition, and (iv) a definite internal structure. Note the difference in this definition from that in your textbook! Mineraloids Amorphous compounds Metamictization Synthetic Minerals Mineral Science (Subdisciplines): Crystallography Crystal Chemistry Descriptive Mineralogy/ Optical Mineralogy ( Systematic mineralogy) Mineral Physics Gemmology Industrial Mineralogy/ Economic Ore Deposits Paragenesis Petrology/ Experimental Petrology/ Economic Mineral Deposits Importance and applications: Economic Geology Environmental Geology Petrology Geochemistry Internal Structure of the Earth/ Geophysics Planetary Science and Cosmochemistry Material Science 1- Polarizing Microscope: For transparent/ translucent minerals 2- Reflected Light Microscope: for opaque minerals
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Introduction - 1 Introduction What is a mineral? A mineral...

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