Chapter 14 End of the Chapter Solutions

Chapter 14 End of the Chapter Solutions - Chapter 14...

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Chapter 14 - Interest Rate and Currency Swaps 14-1 CHAPTER 14 INTEREST RATE AND CURRENCY SWAPS ANSWERS & SOLUTIONS TO END-OF-CHAPTER QUESTIONS AND PROBLEMS QUESTIONS 1. Describe the difference between a swap broker and a swap dealer. Answer: A swap broker arranges a swap between two counterparties for a fee without taking a risk position in the swap. A swap dealer is a market maker of swaps and assumes a risk position in matching opposite sides of a swap and in assuring that each counterparty fulfills its contractual obligation to the other. 2. What is the necessary condition for a fixed-for-floating interest rate swap to be possible? Answer: For a fixed-for-floating interest rate swap to be possible it is necessary for a quality spread differential to exist. In general, the default-risk premium of the fixed-rate debt will be larger than the default-risk premium of the floating-rate debt. 3. Discuss the basic motivations for a counterparty to enter into a currency swap. Answer: One basic reason for a counterparty to enter into a currency swap is to exploit the comparative advantage of the other in obtaining debt financing at a lower interest rate than could be obtained on its own. A second basic reason is to lock in long-term exchange rates in the repayment of debt service obligations denominated in a foreign currency. 4. How does the theory of comparative advantage relate to the currency swap market? Answer: Name recognition is extremely important in the international bond market. Without it, even a creditworthy corporation will find itself paying a higher interest rate for foreign denominated funds than a local borrower of equivalent creditworthiness. Consequently, two firms of equivalent creditworthiness can each exploit their, respective, name recognition by borrowing in their local capital market at a favorable rate and then re-lending at the same rate to the other.
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