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8.0 Critical Reasoning - The Official Guide for GMAT Review...

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The Official Guide for GMAT Review 11th Edition 8.1 What Is Measured Critical reasoning questions are designed to provide one measure of your ability to  reason effectively in the following areas: Argument construction Questions in this category may ask you to recognize such things as the basic structure of an  argument,   properly   drawn   conclusions,   underlying   assumptions,   well-supported  explanatory hypotheses, and parallels between structurall y  similar arguments. Argument evaluation These questions may ask you to analyze a given argument and to recognize such things  as  factors  that  would  strengthen  or  weaken  the  given  argument;  reasoning  errors  committed in making that argument; and aspects of the method by which the argument  proceeds. Formulating and evaluating a plan of action This type of question may ask you to recognize such things as the relative  appropriateness, effectiveness, or efficiency of different plans of action; factors that would strengthen or  weaken the prospects of success of a proposed plan of action; and assumptions underlying a proposed plan  of action. 8.2 Test-Taking Strategies for Critical Reasoning Questions 1. Read very carefully the set of statements on which a question is based. Pay close attention to ? what is put forward as factual information; ? what is not said but necessarily follows from what is said; ? what is claimed to follow from facts that have been put forward; and ? how well substantiated are any claims that a particular conclusion follows from the facts that have been  put forward. In reading the arguments, it is important to pay attention to the logical reasoning used;  the actual truth of statements portrayed as fact is not important. 2. Identify the conclusion. The conclusion does not necessarily come at the end of the text; it may come somewhere in  the middle or even at the beginning. Be alert to clues in the text that an argument follows  logically from another statement or statements in the text. 3. Determine exactly what each question asks. You might find it helpful to read the question first, before reading the material on which  it is based; don't assume that you know what you will be asked about an argument. An  argument may have obvious flaws, and one question may ask you to detect them. But  another question may direct you to select the one answer choice that does NOT describe  a flaw in the argument.
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