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Unformatted text preview: POLI-243 First Test Identification: Bolstering: you should gather much information about the issue before you address it and so on but bolstering says that you do not look at everything but only at the ones that match the decision you already took in your head. Indifference curve: Individual indifference curves can be summed into societal indifference curves: You can come up with different groups preferences and so you can see what utility is for each state. Indifference curves is about having two goods and finding combinations that make you equally happy. Then we also have budget constraint. Defensive Procrastination: decision makers are either struggling with the way they want to organize their goals or what kind of loss they want to suffer. They do not like any of the outcomes so they will only wait for something to happen which is often not a good option. Interpersonal generalization theory: In this theory an individuals interpersonal relations are analyzed to provide insight onto how she or he is likely to handle their countries relations with others. If a leader has the ability to talk in private with many of its employees trying to get the most out of everyone individually, it may help you see how he would handle international relations states by states. Alfred T. Mahan: He argued that the strongest countries were the one with the most powerful navies. In the late 1800s when Mahan was writing navies was the fastest way to project power around the globe. However, as railroads developed, it became clearly faster to travel by rail than by boat and so Mahans ideal fell out of favor. Overselling: The bush administration used the threat of sadam Hussein developing mass destruction armament to justify the invasion of Iraq, clearly exaggerating the threat posed to the U.S. or other countries. Leaders in democracies often take a small incident and blow it up in proportion creating an international crisis. Was very apparent in the U.S. policies in the cold war. Utopianism: Idealists or Utopians: there was nothing insulting about being called idealists wanting an ideal world after you had seen all the death of WW1 Marxists: They want to understand how the distribution of power changed by looking at the division of labor. They want to understand the relationship between the different states regarding national economy. They decided to map out states regarding what they provide. Cheap states: provide labor, raw material, etc Rich states: provide capital, ideas, they direct project Cognitive Rigidity: It is a common consequence of crisis decision-making. Just like: Options are limited unnecessarily Cognitive rigidity Short-run thinking: how do we get out of this mess....
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2012 for the course BUSINESS 101 taught by Professor All during the Spring '09 term at McGill.
- Spring '09