chap3elms - Critical Thinking in Cross-Cultural Psychology...

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Unformatted text preview: Critical Thinking in Cross-Cultural Psychology Functions of Language Describes various ___________ Descriptions are considered __________ Evaluate these same phenomena Evaluation are considered to be subjective Language is both __________ and ____________ Words used are ______ laden which reflect our own likes and dislikes Terms are not only used to describe but also to __________ Remaining ________ is constrained by the limits of language When describing ________________________, it is difficult to have neutral adjectives Beliefs, values, and perceptions affect our use of language Our use of language in turn influences our beliefs, values, and perceptions ___________________ relationship between attitudes and language Example: names we give to various ethnic groups changed as a function of different social and historical contexts Dichotomous Variables ____________________ variables are those that may be divided into two mutually exclusive or contradictory categories No ________ ground Example: __________________, light switch is either on or off Continuous Variables Infinite number of points lying between two _____ opposites Lot of shades of gray More on a _____________ May be more accurate and more meaningful representations of the phenomena we are trying to describe or explain In cross-cultural psychology, there is a pitfall to dichotomize concepts when in fact it may be more appropriate to see concepts on a continuum Any ___ phenomena, no matter how disparate at first may share some _____________ Phenomena are differentiated by various points of critical _____________ which become the boundaries delineating one phenomena from another Utilizing the comparing and contrasting phenomena, you may gain new __________ Barnum Effect Peoples willingness to accept the __________ of overly inclusive and generic appraisals Barnum statements are _____________ in media Statements are used frequently in everyday descriptions of both ____________ and ___________ socio-cultural groups with whom we interact Study that looked at the effects of Barnum statements People were led to believe that the ______ personality description was prepared especially for them When it was generally favorable, they nearly always rated the description as good or excellent When given a choice between ____ Barnum description and ____________ personality description based on established tests, people tended to choose the ________ description as being _____ accurate Assimilation Bias...
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This note was uploaded on 02/28/2012 for the course PSYC 354 taught by Professor Orehek during the Spring '08 term at Maryland.

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chap3elms - Critical Thinking in Cross-Cultural Psychology...

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