Classical Studies 202 Lecture 11a

Classical Studies 202 Lecture 11a - Classical Studies 202...

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Unformatted text preview: Classical Studies 202 Ancient Roman Society Lecture # 11-Roman Sexual Life--Roman Imperialism--The Roman Army & Navy- BREAK-Film: Foot Soldier: The Romans- ROMAN SEXUAL LIFE In Early Rome, sex, by tradition, only in marriage-morality, dignity-marriage contract, legitimate heirs-economic concerns-political relations-not plow in another mans field (still old, conservative, agrarian values)-affairs risk offending Pater Familias-yet still had prostitutes ROMAN SEXUAL LIFE 2 nd c. BC: influx of Greek values, foreign slaves-much more liberal ideas immorality in the writings of Catullus, and Ovids Art of Love- use of dirty words by Catullus and Martial-ie Mentula (prick) and the big asparagus-loved to gossip about sexual escapades, affairs and mishaps Sexual rules: (1) only with spouse, (2) only at night, (3) woman mustnt enjoy (only prostitues and low-class women do!) ROMAN SEXUAL LIFE double standard on adultery Phallus is an important image of strength and power Oral sex: OK between men, and performed by women on men, but not performed by men on women ALTERNATIVE LIFESTYLES Bisexual and homosexual acts are socially acceptable, but being exclusively homosexual is not Being a homosexual did not limit ones social or political career, but:-one had to be discreet-not be a slave to ones affections-not be outrageous in public-ie Julius Caesar, Mark Antony bisexual males: man must not be passive (only male prostitutes & slaves may be passive)-shame in being the passive partner ALTERNATIVE LIFESTYLES Cinaedi are effeminate, male transvestites-live counter to all the manly norms of society -society rejects their alternative sense of shame Juvenals 2 nd satire on gay men-act and dress as women-take passive role in sex act-some born with this disease, others choose it (disgusting!) ALTERNATIVE LIFESTYLES Female homosexuality: rarely mentioned Tribades = aggressive lesbians Women eager to lie with women then men and in fact pursue women with almost masculine jealousy....they rejoice in the abuse of their sexuality-Doctor Caelius Aurelianus in On Chronic Diseases-Caelius sees this as a mental illness-hard to cure-with age this condition causes a hideous and ever increasing lust Pederasty Pederasty, pimping and pornography legal-Pederasty socially acceptable, within limits Elite classes do not seduce elite classes, only lower classes-penalty for seducing freeborn boys is exile Many have an attraction to young, smooth-skinned, beautiful pubescent and pre-pubescent boys (but no anal penetration)-high prices paid for these boys (only elite could afford this) Pederasty...
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Classical Studies 202 Lecture 11a - Classical Studies 202...

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