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Classical Studies 202 Lecture 5a (1)

Classical Studies 202 Lecture 5a (1) - Classical Studies...

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Classical Studies 202 Ancient Roman Society Lecture # 5 - Test on Lectures 1-4 – The Early Empire: The Age of Augustus  (63 BCE – 14 AD) BREAK -Video: “The Age of the Emperors” 
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The Death of Julius Caesar 48 BC Wins Civil War with Pompey Consul 48, 46 and 45 BC Dictator for 10 years in 46 BC (unprecedented) 44 BC Murdered on the Ides (15 th ) of March  Brutus & Cassius the leading conspirators (of 60) -proclaim the death of a “tyrant” and the “restoration of  the Republic” Cleopatra & Caesarion return to Egypt Marc Antony momentarily holds power
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The Rise of Octavian Caesar 63 BC born a sickly(epileptic), but handsome, brave and  scholarly child 44 BC adopted by great uncle Julius Caesar in his will  (only 18 years old!) Was studying in northern Greece at the time Quickly showed a shrewd & forceful personality Saw power of his uncle, and risks of claiming his inheritance Saw Marc Antony (Caesar’s friend and second in command)  as his major rival to taking his inheritance  Antony felt he should be Caesar’s heir
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Octavian Caesar: Opening Moves Changes his name from  Octavian Caesar  to  Gaius  Julius Caesar Octavianus Gathers many of Caesar’s veterans to him with  promises of bonuses Marches on Rome and demands his inheritance  and Caesar’s Consulship Has Julius Caesar deified
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Octavian in Rome, 43 BC Senate does not wish another civil war Most troops won’t fight against him, and people  love him as Caesar’s heir Senate see ambition of Marc Antony, and wish to 
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