Classical Studies 202 Lecture 8a (2)

Classical Studies 202 Lecture 8a (2) - Classical Studies...

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Classical Studies 202 Ancient Roman Society Lecture # 8 -THE "FIVE GOOD EMPERORS"- -THE SEVERAN DYNASTY- -MEDICINE- -BREAK- -TECHNOLOGY- -OCCUPATIONS- -COMMUNICATIONS- - REVIEW FOR TEST #2-
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THE "FIVE GOOD EMPERORS"  (96-192AD) Nerva (96-98) 96 AD Praetorian Guard murder Domitian Senate nominates him, quickly, as emperor to  avoid civil war elderly, childless, ideal senator Prestigious & old, but no leader
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Nerva (96-98) suspected by army (not a military man) reduces taxes, recalls exiles, gives land to poor alimenta  general) as son and successor dies of old age after 16 months(stroke after  shouting at an officer?)
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Trajan (98-117 AD)  from Spain (first provincial emperor) Put fiscal restraints onto overspending cities  & provinces
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Trajan (98-117 AD)  expanded empire to its greatest extent invasion of Dacia (across the Danube) Trajan's Column (depicts Dacian war); Dacian gold, slaves -gives 75 denarii to each citizen of Rome from spoils  ( congiaria ) annexes Arabia conquers Parthians (weak) = 3 new provinces eastern war drains other frontiers massive revolts as a result of financial strains of war Dies on way home from Parthia
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Hadrian (117-138) Another Spaniard Curly hair and beard becomes fashionable -"adopted" by Trajan (forged will?) An excellent emperor Ruled with a personal, “hands on” style
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Hadrian (117-138) abandons new provinces (except Dacia which was  Romanized) to shorten the frontier visits provinces and frontiers: Hadrian's Wall (practical,  but defensive policy) 2nd Jewish War(132-135) destroys remain of the Old  Temple of Solomon at Jerusalem -replaced by a Temple of Jupiter (blasphemy?) -begins Diaspora (Jews banned from Jerusalem) expands Athens rebuilds treasury excuse $900 million in back taxes $ to poor and to poor Senators
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Hadrian (117-138) 130 AD - boyfriend Antinuus commits suicide to ensure safety of  Hadrian(divine honours and city of Antinuopolis founded) top civil service posts go to equites bad relations with Senate (4 senators executed; jealous of equites) Empire run by Emperor and Advisors -Senate becomes more of a “town Council” adopts Antoninus; Antoninus adopts M. Aurelius and L. Verus  (secure line of succession) in old age developed a nosebleed for two years, and suffered a slow,  lingering death from water accumulation in the body -asked slaves to kill him, wouldn't
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Antoninus Pius (138-161) insists on Hadrian's deification
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Classical Studies 202 Lecture 8a (2) - Classical Studies...

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