Classical Studies 202 Lecture 6a

Classical Studies 202 Lecture 6a - Classical Studies 202...

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Classical Studies 202 Ancient Roman Society Lecture # 6 - Take up Test on Lectures 1-4 – - The Julio-Claudian Emperors (14 AD -68AD) -    -Tiberius - -Caligula- -Claudius- -Nero- - Roman Recreation- BREAK -Roman Dining- - Roman Death & Burial -
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THE JULIO-CLAUDIAN EMPERORS (14 - 68 AD) 14 AD Augustus dies Senate so inspired they allow Augustus to designate an heir Creation of a “Caesar”, not “Rex” Rome accepts one man rule in the fa ç ade of Republicanism In reality, an Emperor who rules the Roman Empire as his own  private domain has been created Augustus had no natural son, only Julia his first four designated heirs all died before he did Eventually, he had to designate Tiberius, Livia’s son from her  previous marriage (didn’t really like him)  Livia was pregnant with his brother Drusus when she left  Tiberius’ father and married Octavian!
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Tiberius (14-37 AD) age 52 at the time of Augustus’ death -burnt out, brooding, resentful & heavy-handed, with no  political finese -hesitant to take power (but had been a good general &  organizer) -lived in awe of Augustus -upset that he was forced to divorce a wife he loved to  marry Julia Started well Deified Augustus consult the Senate at first -quickly becomes a paranoid resentful old man -begins treason trials against perceived enemies 
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Tiberius (14-37 AD) 26 AD semi-retire to Capri -left his nephew, Caligula (by brother Germanicus) in Rome to run  Empire -Caligula aided by Macro (Prefect of the Praetorian Guard) 29 AD Livia dies Spent most time in his "pleasure palace"(?) -porn collection & “little fishes” -abused Senators and their wives 37 AD dies (stroke or murder?) -no heir, but Caligula & Macro are present -Praetorian Guard proclaim Caligula Emperor (precedent) -“To the Tiber with Tiberius” (not deified)
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Caligula (37-41 AD) 25 years old (son of Germanicus, nephew of  Tiberius) Named Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus  -Nick-named "little boots“ (Caligae) -nervous youth (2 elder brothers killed by  Praetorian Guard) -hid a nasty and sadistic streak Greeted by the Roman people with much  celebration
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Caligula (37-41 AD) Immensely popular at first (Germanicus’ son & not  Tiberius) Paid bonuses to Praetorian Guard (bad precedent) Shared $ of Tiberius & Livia’s will, ended treason trials Liked to be at the games & among common people Restored the authority of the Assemblies Campaigned with the army and held their loyalty October 37 AD fell ill (7 months into reign) -fell into a coma -recovered after a few months -saw self as the god Jove -Schizophrenia(?)
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Caligula (37-41 AD)
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