Disability%20Diversity%20April%202011

Disability%20Diversity%20April%202011 - DISABILITY (an...

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DISABILITY (an exploratory discussion) Rob Stuthridge B.Sc.(Hons) Social Science, M.Sc. (Health Ergonomics) Ergonomist National AgrAbility Project Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering
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“Ability”
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“Normal”
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The Normal Curve
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Gender height, size, weight, strength, and body segment proportion Age height, size, weight, strength, and body segment proportion Ethnicity height, size, weight, and body segment proportion
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Normalcy SOCIETAL INDIVIDUAL TEMPORAL TEMPORAL
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Disability
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Defining ‘Disability’ To Disable : a) Limit the movements, senses, or activities of. .. b) Put [something] out of action. (The Concise Oxford English Dictionary, 11th Edition) ‘Disability’ = an intended action has been limited or prevented by a third party. To Enable : a) Give [something] the ability/means to function. (The Concise Oxford English Dictionary, 11th Edition)
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Models of Disability: Determinants of Definition?
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Two Models of Disability Medical Model § C18th ‘scientific/rationalist’; § What a person cannot do; § Disability is caused by impairment; § ‘People with disabilities ’ need to be adapted to fit a ‘normal’ world (make them ‘normal’); § Emphasis = dependence; (segregation/medicalization; § Problems arising from the built environment are due to a lack of rehabilitation of people with disabilities - Social Model § C20th social/contextual; § What a person can do; § ‘Impairment' and 'disability' are unrelated; § Disabled people ’ are disadvantaged by institutional discrimination (amend institutions). § Emphasis= independence (integration/acceptance); § Humans inherently varied – built environment should accommodate this variability -adapt the built environment to the person.
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W.H.O. (ICF) Definition of Disability (a half-way house?) WHO’s International Classification of
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Disability%20Diversity%20April%202011 - DISABILITY (an...

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