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Chapter_15_Nucl_chem_Part_1_

Chapter_15_Nucl_chem_Part_1_ - Chapter 15 Nuclear Chemistry...

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Periodic Table on the web http://pearl1.lanl.gov/periodic/default.htm ------ Chapter 15 Nuclear Chemistry Part 1
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Each atom contains A nucleus o Protons (p) and neutrons (n) Electrons (e) o The electrons are localized in orbitals in specific regions outside the nucleus ---- Review of atomic structure
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The focus of previous chapter (chapter 14) Electrons in atoms How these electrons participate in chemical reactions ----
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The focus of chapter 15 the nucleus of atoms The types of reactions that could take place within the nucleus of atoms -----
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Nuclear chemistry Properties of chemical elements that are radioactive Nuclear reactions 1. Nuclear decay o Emission of alpha ( α ) and beta ( β ) particles 2. Gamma ray emission 3. Electron capture 4. Nuclear Fission splitting of a heavy nucleus 5. Nuclear Fusion combining light nuclei to form heavier nuclei Chemical and biological effects of radioactive elements --------
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Applications includes Use of radioisotopes in agricultural and medical research Geological and archeological dating
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