Chapter_15_Nucl_chem_Part_1_

Chapter_15_Nucl_chem_Part_1_ - Periodic Table on the web

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Unformatted text preview: Periodic Table on the web http://pearl1.lanl.gov/periodic/default.htm------ Chapter 15 Nuclear Chemistry Part 1 Each atom contains A nucleus o Protons (p) and neutrons (n) Electrons (e) o The electrons are localized in orbitals in specific regions outside the nucleus ---- Review of atomic structure The focus of previous chapter (chapter 14) Electrons in atoms How these electrons participate in chemical reactions ---- The focus of chapter 15 the nucleus of atoms The types of reactions that could take place within the nucleus of atoms ----- Nuclear chemistry Properties of chemical elements that are radioactive Nuclear reactions 1. Nuclear decay o Emission of alpha ( ) and beta ( ) particles 2. Gamma ray emission 3. Electron capture 4. Nuclear Fission splitting of a heavy nucleus 5. Nuclear Fusion combining light nuclei to form heavier nuclei Chemical and biological effects of radioactive elements -------- Applications includes Use of radioisotopes in agricultural and medical research Geological and archeological dating Diagnostic tools for medicine Use of radioactive sources for radiation therapy (i.e. killing of cancerous cells) ---- Examine the arrangement of elements in the periodic Table----...
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Chapter_15_Nucl_chem_Part_1_ - Periodic Table on the web

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