Chapter_16_Organic_Part_1_

Chapter_16_Organic_Part_1_ - Chapter 16: Organic Chemistry...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 16: Organic Chemistry Part 1--- Why organic chemistry is important? Pharmaceuticals Fertilizers Paint Cosmetics Plastics (including computers and cell phones!) Clothing junk food Biological molecules Proteins DNA and RNA Vitamins etc ------ Examples of organic compounds Methane CH 4 (fossil fuel, gas in cooking stove top) Octane C 8 H 18 (fossil fuel, liquid for running cars) Ethanol C 2 H 5 OH (in beer and wine, made by yeast) Oleic acid (in olive oil) -- Organic compounds: overview All organic compounds contain Carbon The most common atoms in Organic Compounds: Carbon (C), hydrogen (H), oxygen (O), and nitrogen (N) Organic compounds may include phosphorous (P), sulfur (S), and halogens (i.e. Cl, F, I) ---------------------------------------- Carbon in organic compounds Carbon can make 4 bonds....
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Chapter_16_Organic_Part_1_ - Chapter 16: Organic Chemistry...

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