Chapter_16_Organic_Part_2_

Chapter_16_Organic_Part_2_ - Chapter 16: Organic chemistry...

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Chapter 16: Organic chemistry Part 2 ---
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Acyclic Alkanes Empirical formula C n H 2n+2 where n is an integer Example: hexane C 6 H 14 Chemical formula Linear hexane CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 3 structural formula CH 3 (CH 2 ) 4 CH 3 condensed structural formula Line or Skeletal formula ----
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Example of a branched alkane ----
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Isomers Common name: isobutane ---- Isomers are organic compounds that have the same chemical formula (or molecular formula ) but have different structural formula, for example: C 4 H 10 Common name
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IUPAC Nomenclature For official naming of organic compounds we follow the rules developed by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry ( IUPAC ) IUPAC provides a set of logical rules: developed to circumvent problems caused by arbitrary nomenclature ----
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Summary of IUPAC Rules for naming linear alkanes 1. Find the longest continuous carbon chain (root chain) 2. Name that chain 3. Identify and name groups attached to the root chain 4. Number the carbons in the root chain consecutively, starting at the end nearest a side group 5. Designate the location of each side group by an appropriate number and name ---
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2012 for the course CHEM 112 taught by Professor Harwood during the Spring '11 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

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Chapter_16_Organic_Part_2_ - Chapter 16: Organic chemistry...

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