Chapter_16_Organic_Part_4_

Chapter_16_Organic_Part_4_ - Chapter 16: Organic Chemistry...

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Chapter 16: Organic Chemistry Lecture 4 ---
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Amines Amines have a nitrogen (N) linked with a single-bond to a carbon Amines are derived from ammonia NH 3 Examples of amines Methylamine CH 3 NH 2 1,6-hexanediamine NH 2 (CH 2 ) 6 NH 2 Used for synthesis of Nylon in your experiment -----
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Carboxylic acid s C O OH H 3 C C O OH R General formula of carboxylic acids Acetic acid CH 3 (CH 2 ) 16 COOH Octadecanoic acid (18 carbons) IUPAC name ---- Example of a saturated fatty acid (no double-bonds) Stearic acid (common name)
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Oleic acid: cis unsaturated fatty acid Oleic acid, from olive oil, is the cis geometric isomer of CH 3 (CH 2 ) 7 CH=CH(CH 2 ) 7 COOH H You do not have to memorize the structures Just recognize structural features: i.e. saturated, unsaturated Cis or trans ---
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Linoleic acid: Cis unsaturated fatty acid Synthesized in plants It is an essential fatty acid in mammalian nutrition ----
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Esters: produced from the reaction of carboxylic acids with alcohols Example: reaction of acetic acid with ethanol Ethyl acetate ---
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2012 for the course CHEM 112 taught by Professor Harwood during the Spring '11 term at Purdue University.

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Chapter_16_Organic_Part_4_ - Chapter 16: Organic Chemistry...

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