Words 311 “Identify and discuss the main factors that produced political negotiations in South Africa” The African National Congress and the National Party were two opposing political groups that were in conflict with each other for 46 years. Ultimately, the pressure on both the ANC and the NP towards the end of the Apartheid regime forced them into a deadlock which left both parties in a mutually bad position (Zartman, 1995: 147). This dead end led both parties into negotiations with each other which resulted in the abolishment of Apartheid. The deadlock between the two parties came into effect when they gradually realised that the one could not overthrow or control the other (Zartman, 1995: 147). Thus, the parties turned towards negotiations to resolve the conflict. A big factor that made these negotiations possible was commitment from both sides. The NP wanted to maintain and defend their power and would go to any means in order to do so, as the ANC wanted to destroy this power and be
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