Morris_06_final_DVD-ready

Morris_06_final_DVD-ready - CHAPTER 6 Memory Links to...

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CHAPTER 6 Memory
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Links to Learning Objectives ENDURING ISSUES IN MEMORY THE SENSORY REGISTERS Role of sensory registers Theories of attention SHORT-TERM MEMORY Defining STM LONG-TERM MEMORY Definition, Capacity, & Encoding Holding information in LTM THE BIOLOGY OF MEMORY Long-term potentiation, memory storage, role of sleep FORGETTING Biological factors Types of interference SPECIAL TOPICS IN MEMORY Influences of culture Examples of extraordinary memory Eyewitness testimony & recovered memories
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Diversity- Universality Stability-Change Mind-Body Nature-Nurture Person-Situation Enduring Issues To what extent can memories be changed by events outside the person , and what is the importance of environmental cues in triggering memories?
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Diversity- Universality Stability-Change Mind-Body Nature-Nurture Person-Situation Enduring Issues In what ways does memory change in the first few years of life?
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Diversity- Universality Stability-Change Mind-Body Nature-Nurture Person-Situation Enduring Issues In what ways does memory differ among individuals and across cultures ?
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Diversity- Universality Stability-Change Mind-Body Nature-Nurture Person-Situation Enduring Issues What are the biological bases of memory?
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The ability to remember the things that we have experienced, learned E M O R Y
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Information-Processing Model
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The Sensory Registers
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The Sensory Registers LEARNING OBJECTIVE: Describe the role of the sensory registers and the length of time information remains there. Distinguish between the icon and the echo . Visual register Icon Masking: New information replaces old information almost immediately Auditory register Echo Fades more slowly
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The Sequence of Information Processing
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Donald Broadbent Attention LEARNING OBJECTIVE: Compare Broadbent and Treisman’s theories of attention. Explain what is meant by the “cocktail-party phenomenon” and “inattentional blindness.” Filtering process at the entrance of the nervous system Compare stimuli that get through filter to what we already know Anne Treisman Modified the filtering theory Filter as a variable control (i.e. volume control on a radio) rather than simple on-and-off switch
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Cocktail-party phenomenon: Surrounded by a group of people having conversations, an individual will filter out all of the conversations around him/her Attention Inattentional blindness: Failure to attend to something we are looking at or listening to Attending to auditory information reduces ability to accurately process visual information
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Short-Term Memory
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Short-term Memory Holds the information that we are thinking about at a given moment in time Stores new information briefly and works on that and other information Sometimes called “working memory” to emphasize its active role in the memory system LEARNING OBJECTIVE: Define short- term memory (STM), explain why it is called “working memory” and describe.
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This note was uploaded on 02/28/2012 for the course PSY 44114 taught by Professor Jaredmclain during the Spring '10 term at Mesa CC.

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Morris_06_final_DVD-ready - CHAPTER 6 Memory Links to...

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