Morris_11_final_DVD-ready

Morris_11_final_DVD-ready - CHAPTER 11 Stress and Health...

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CHAPTER 11 Stress and Health Psychology
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Links to Learning Objectives ENDURING ISSUES IN STRESS AND HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY SOURCES OF STRESS Major sources of stress; three types of conflict; self-imposed stress Individual differences COPING WITH STRESS Direct & defensive coping HOW STRESS AFFECTS HEALTH How the body responds to stress Heart disease Immune system STAYING HEALTHY Four proven ways to reduce stress Coping effectively Four elements of a healthy lifestyle EXTREME STRESS Five major sources of extreme stress THE WELL-ADJUSTED PERSON Standards for judging who is well-adjusted
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Diversity- Universality Stability-Change Mind-Body Nature-Nurture Person-Situation To what extent do the methods that people use in coping with stress depend on the environment in which they find themselves? Enduring Issues
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Diversity- Universality Stability-Change Mind-Body Nature-Nurture Person-Situation To what extent do people respond differently to severe stress? Enduring Issues
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Diversity- Universality Stability-Change Mind-Body Nature-Nurture Person-Situation Can psychological stress cause physical illness ? Enduring Issues
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Sources of Stress
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Sources of Stress Stressor: Any environmental demand that reates a state of tension or threat ( stress ) equires change or adaptation ( adjustment ) LEARNING OBJECTIVE: Distinguish between stressors and stress. Identify the major sources of stress. Describe the three types of conflict. Explain what is meant by “self-imposed stress.”
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Change All stressful events involve change. Most people prefer order, continuity, and predictability in their lives, so anything requiring change (good or bad) can be experienced as stressful. The more change required, the more stressful the situation. CHANGE STRESS
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College Life Stress Inventory
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Hassles can be as stressful as major life events, since they lead to feelings of: Pressur Pressur e e Frustratio Frustratio n n Conflict Conflict Everyday Hassles
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Pressure A feeling that one must speed up, intensify, or change the direction of one’s behavior or live up to a higher standard of performance Pressure Pressure
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Frustration The feeling that occurs when a person is prevented from reaching a goal Causes include: Delays Lack of resources Losses Failure Discrimination Frustration Frustration
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Conflict The simultaneous existence of incompatible demands, opportunities, needs, or goals Types of conflict: Approach/approach Avoidance/avoidance Approach/avoidance Conflict Conflict
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Types of Conflict
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Self-Imposed Stress When individuals carry around a set of irrational, self-defeating beliefs that add unnecessarily to the normal stress of living
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Pessimists People with an external locus of control Optimists People with an internal locus of control People with the hardiness trait People who are resilient LESS LIKELY TO COPE WELL WITH STRESS MORE LIKELY TO COPE WELL WITH STRESS: LEARNING OBJECTIVE: Describe the role of optimism and pessimism, locus of
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Morris_11_final_DVD-ready - CHAPTER 11 Stress and Health...

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