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Morris_12_final_DVD-ready

Morris_12_final_DVD-ready - CHAPTER 12 Psychological...

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CHAPTER 12 Psychological Disorders
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Links to Learning Objectives ENDURING ISSUES IN PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS PERSPECTIVES ON PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS Defining a psychological disorder Models of abnormal behavior DSM-IV-TR MOOD DISORDERS Key symptoms & causes Suicide ANXIETY DISORDERS Key features Causes PSYCHOSOMATIC & SOMATOFORM DISORDERS How the disorders differ DISSOCIATIVE DISORDERS Key features SEXUAL & GENDER-IDENTITY DISORDERS Three main types PERSONALITY DISORDERS Key features SCHIZOPHRENIC DISORDERS Key features Causes CHILDHOOD DISORDERS Key features GENDER & CULTURAL DIFFERENCES IN PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS Key gender differences; importance of cultural awaren
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Diversity- Universality Stability-Change Mind-Body Person-Situation Enduring Issues With psychological disorders, what is the relative contribution of a person’s biological or cognitive tendencies and the social situation ? Nature-Nurture
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Diversity- Universality Stability-Change Mind-Body Nature-Nurture Person-Situation Enduring Issues Is a young person with a psychological disorder likely to suffer from it later in life ?
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Diversity- Universality Stability-Change Mind-Body Nature-Nurture Person-Situation Enduring Issues “What is normal?” How has the answer to that question changed over time and how does it differ across cultures ?
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Diversity- Universality Stability-Change Mind-Body Nature-Nurture Person-Situation Enduring Issues What is the relationship between genetics, neurotransmitters, and behavior disorders ?
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Perspectives on Psychological Disorders
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Perspectives on Psychological Disorders LEARNING OBJECTIVE: Compare the three perspectives on what constitutes abnormal behavior. Explain what is meant by the statement “Identifying behavior as abnormal is also a matter of degree.” Main criterion: Whether behavior fosters a sense of unhappiness and lack of well-being Assess abnormality by looking for: Maladaptive personality traits Psychological discomfort Evidence that behavior prevents person from functioning well in life Main standard of abnormality: Behavior that fails to conform to prevailing ideas about what is socially expected of people Society Society Individual Individual Mental Health Professional Mental Health Professional
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Perspectives on Psychological Disorders
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Historical Views of Psychological Disorders Early societies: Abnormal behavior was often attributed to supernatural powers As late as the 18th century: The mentally ill were thought to be witches or possessed by the devil Modern times: Three approaches have helped to advance our understanding of abnormal behavior: Biological model Psychoanalytic model Cognitive-behavioral model
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Biological Psychoanalytic Cognitive- Behavioral Models of Abnormal Behavior LEARNING OBJECTIVE: Describe the key features of the biological, psychoanalytic, cognitive– behavioral, diathesis–stress, and systems models of psychological disorders. Distinguish between the prevalence and incidence of psychological disorders, and between mental illness and insanity.
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