Morris_14_final_DVD-ready

Morris_14_final_DVD-ready - CHAPTER 14 Social Psychology...

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CHAPTER 14 Social Psychology
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Links to Learning Objectives ENDURING ISSUES IN SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY SOCIAL COGNITION Forming impressions Attribution to internal or external causes Biases Interpersonal attraction ATTITUDES Components of attitudes Prejudice & discrimination Persuasion Cognitive dissonance SOCIAL INFLUENCE Cultural influences Conformity, compliance, & obedience SOCIAL ACTION Deindividuation Helping behavior Groups & decision making Theories of leadership Cultural & gender differences in leadership
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Diversity- Universality Stability-Change Mind-Body Nature-Nurture Person-Situation Enduring Issues To what extent does a particular behavior reflect personal characteristics like attitudes and values, versus situational ones like the behavior of others and social expectations?
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Diversity- Universality Stability-Change Mind-Body Nature-Nurture Person-Situation Enduring Issues To what extent are there differences in social behavior among people in different cultures ?
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ocial psychology The scientific study of the ways in which the thoughts, feelings and behaviors of one individual are influenced by the real, imagined, or inferred behavior or characteristics of others
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Social Cognition
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Social Cognition Forming Impressions Attribution Interpersonal Attraction
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Forming Impressions Schemata Primacy effect Self-fulfilling prophecy Stereotype Organized sets of beliefs and expectations based on past experience that is presumed to apply to all members of that category When early information about someone weighs more heavily than later information in influencing one’s impression of that person When a person’s expectation about another elicits behavior from the second person that confirms the expectation A set of characteristics presumed to be shared by all members of a social category LEARNING OBJECTIVE: Describe the role of schemata, stereotypes, and the primacy effect in impression formation. Explain how impressions of others can become self-fulfilling prophecies.
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External Internal Attribution “He probably got caught in some bad traffic, and then he was late for a meeting.” “He’s such a careless driver. He never watches out for other cars.” LEARNING OBJECTIVE: Summarize the way in which distinctiveness, consistency, and consensus affect our judgment about whether a given behavior is due to internal or external causes. Attribution theory: Addresses the question of how people make judgments about the causes of behavior
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Actor-observer bias: Tendency to explain the behavior of others as caused by internal factors and one’s own behavior as caused by external forces Fundamental attribution error Defensive attribution : Tendency to attribute our successes to our own efforts or qualities and our failures to external factors Self-serving bias Just-world hypothesis LEARNING OBJECTIVE: Explain what is meant by the statement “the causal attributions we make are often vulnerable to biases.” In your answer, include the actor-observer bias, the fundamental attribution error, and defensive attribution (including the self-serving bias and the just-world hypothesis).
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This note was uploaded on 02/28/2012 for the course PSY 44114 taught by Professor Jaredmclain during the Spring '10 term at Mesa CC.

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Morris_14_final_DVD-ready - CHAPTER 14 Social Psychology...

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