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Exam 2 Study Guide

Exam 2 Study Guide - Positivism Functionalism General and...

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Introduction to Criminology: Exam 2 Study Guide Presented below is a listing of topics to be addressed on the upcoming 50 question multiple-choice examination. The list is not exhaustive. This is intended as a rough approximation of the subject matter to be included. Direct your attention to revisiting the material covered since the first exam (Brown et al. chapter 12 and Vold chapters 2, 3, 6, 7, 8 and 10) as well as the material covered in lecture and discussion. Names Beccaria Lombroso Durkheim Phineas Gage Travis Hirschi Thomas Hobbes (social contract) Kornhauser Robert Merton Shaw & McKay Robert Sampson Concepts/Terms Anomie Atavism Mechanic and organic solidarity
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Unformatted text preview: Positivism Functionalism General and specific deterrence Human ecology Somatotyping Psychosocial encapsulation Zone 2 (the zone of transition) Ethnic heterogeneity Collective efficacy Mens rea and actus reus Routine activities (motivated offender, suitable target, absence of a capable guardian) 3 primary elements of deterrence theory Determinism (also, crime as overdetermined) 4 elements of social control theory Low self-control Broken windows theory Neutralization and drift (common neutralizations) 2 competing definitions of white collar crime Adoption and twin studies Control theory assumptions about criminal motive...
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