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A.A. History II- Exam 2 Study Guide

A.A. History II- Exam 2 Study Guide - African-American...

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African-American History 2 Exam 2 Study Guide ORGANIC THINKING RESULTS Niagara Movement: A Black American civil rights organization in 1905 Opposed to racial segregation and disenfranchisement Opposed accommodation and conciliation (1909)NAACP: The National Association for the Advancement of colored people The Crisis Magazine: o The voice for civil rights. Today The Crisis still remains the official publication of the Nation Association for the Advancement of colored W.E.B. Dubois (author of The Souls of Black Folk) What is an “organic intellectual”? o Has a particular level of intellect that is connected to the dominant social class and acts as both society’s organizer and thinking element, leading the ideas of their class. o They not simply describe social life in accordance with scientific rules, but rather articulate the feelings and experiences that the other members of society could not express for themselves. The profound importance of his scientific achievements where that they laid the materialist foundation for the study of race and racial oppression. DuBois most profound statement: o The problem of the 20 th century is the problem of the color line The political economy - who gets what when where and how- determined by wealthy white men Polarized black leaders in to two primary groups o (1) Accommodation o (2) Supportive of aggressive protest Principles of Pragmatism Human knowledge was severely limited to immediate experience The possibilities for changing the world were restricted to the limitations of human knowledge As a consequence, there were no revolutionary alternatives to poverty exploitation and oppression. Dubois’s Response to Pragmatism For the young Dubois, pragmatism’s limitations on knowledge and transforming the world were intellectually unacceptable Dubois argued that the ethical and moral imperative was determined on the basis of what actions they led to.
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