AASP 101-Lecture week 3 Racial Profiling

AASP 101-Lecture week 3 Racial Profiling - AASP 101 Week 3...

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AASP 101 Week 3 Racial Profiling in a Time of Terror
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Defining Racial Profiling Racial Profiling refers to the inclusion of racial or ethnic characteristics in determining whether a person is considered likely to commit a particular type of crime or an illegal act or to behave in a "predictable" manner. Offender Profiling
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Defining Terrorism Terrorism- the use of extremist extralegal violence and coercion against a civilian or noncombatant population. Terrorist acts may be employed to instill fear and mass intimidation or to achieve a political objective. Al Qaeda Domestic Acts of Terrorism against Blacks
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Important Amendments to the Constitution 4 th Amendment the right of people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated and no warrants shall issue but upon probable cause 14the Amendment no state shall make or enforce any law which shall abide the privileges or communities of citizens of the United States.
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History of Racial Profiling Targeted African Americans and Latinos Early as 1968 Supreme Court Decided in the Landmark Case of Terry vs. Ohio Not a violation of the 14 th amendment Now referred as “Terry Stops” Most often deployed through casual traffic stops
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History of Racial Profiling Record of allegations of police targeting people of color for aggressive crime control strategies utilized by police in an effort to reduce crime rates DEA’s profile include concealment, fast point to point driving, behavioral cues Race, age, gender characteristics Latinos and Illegal Immigration; Blacks and the War on Drugs 1980’s rise in drug arrests by 126% Since 1994, one million Americans each year From 1990-2000, 27% of the total growth among Black inmates, 7% among Hispanic inmates
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Recent Challenges to Racial Profiling 1996 Whren vs. United States Concern over the use of “terry stops” Supreme Court ruled an officer’s subjective motivation has no part to play in the 14 th Amendment; Officer’s justification 1999 New Jersey State Police admit to stop and detention of Black males Public Outcry for legislation banning racial profiling
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Recent Challenges to Racial Profiling 1999 President Clinton developed policy to surveillance racial profiling
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This note was uploaded on 02/28/2012 for the course AASP 101 taught by Professor Dr.dinwiddie during the Fall '11 term at Maryland.

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AASP 101-Lecture week 3 Racial Profiling - AASP 101 Week 3...

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