AASP 101-lecture week 10 Race Class and Gender

AASP 101-lecture week 10 Race Class and Gender - AASP 101...

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AASP 101 Lecture Week 10 Race, Class and Gender
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Education and Income What difference does education make to labor market participation Economic theory predicts that persons with more education will have higher rates of labor force participation because for them the opportunity cost of not being in the paid labor force is higher than for persons with less education. Reason being college educated are paid higher. At the college graduate level, labor force participation rates of black and white males barely differ. lower education level-namely at the level of less than a high school diploma Persons with less than a high school diploma have the highest unemployment rates; college graduates have the lowest unemployment rates; and high school graduates fall in between
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Year White African American/Black Hispanic None H.S. B.A. None H.S. B.A. None H.S. B.A. 2003 19,110 28,708 52,259 16,201 23,777 42,968 18,349 23,472 43,676 2002 19,264 28,145 52,479 16,516 22,823 42,285 18,981 24,163 40,949 2001 19,120 27,700 51,631 17,248 21,743 40,165 18,334 22,866 40,586 2000 18,285 26,444 50,969 15,201 21,789 41,513 17,156 22,009 44,661 1999 16,623 25,270 46,894 13,569 20,991 37,422 16,106 20,704 36,212 1998 16,474 24,409 44,852 13,672 19,236 36,373 15,832 20,978 35,014 1997 16,596 23,618 41,439 13,185 18,980 32,062 15,069 19,558 33,465 1996 15,358 22,782 38,936 13,110 18,722 31,955 13,287 18,528 32,955 1995 14,234 22,154 37,711 12,956 17,072 29,666 13,068 18,333 30,602 1994 13,941 20,911 37,996 12,705 16,446 30,938 13,733 17,323 29,165 1993 13,171 19,918 35,846 11,065 16,122 29,953 11,852 16,591 30,359 Mean Earnings of Workers 18 years or Older by Educational Attainment
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Income By Education and Race Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2003
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Race and Gender Black women have been making significant economic gains in the past four decades although most of the gains were made between 1960 and 1980. Historically, Black women were more likely than white women to be in the labor force but over a third worked as domestic servants before the civil rights movement In 1960, black women earned 63 cents for every dollar earned by a white woman. By 1980, she earned 92 cents. Three factors contributed to the increase in relative earnings growth expansion of employment in clerical occupations improvements in educational attainment enforcement of equal employment opportunity laws
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Percent of Labor Force in Types of Occupations
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Race and Gender
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Occupational Differences by Race and Gender
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Race, Gender and Earnings
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Race, Gender and Earnings
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