Part 3 - Criticisms of Early Anomie Theory Does just a good...

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Criticisms of Early Anomie Theory Does just a good job of explaining conformity 50’s and 60’s booming economy, yet more crime Low expectations and low aspiration is associated with crime Even though more opportunities for success arose, crime rates got higher Crime and The American Dream Institutional Anomie Theory Messner and Rosenfeld argue that: o Achievement orientation dominates Self worth determined by net worth- non monetary aims diminished Earn at any cost NO stopping point to earning o Individualism is the means Success to be earned by oneself Others are competitors Everyone is expected to compete Restraints Social institutions are designed to maintain norms and values in order to regulate conduct o Economy o Polity/Electorate o Education o Family6 Currently there is an institutional imbalance in power o The economy institution is more dominant than the others 3 Stage Process of Economic Ascendency Devaluation o Homeowner, not homemaker, has valued role o Being a good student is not prestigious Accomodation o Employers resist family leave/stay at home dads o Schooling sought to get a good job Penetration o Belief government is good if run like a business
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o Movement of women into work force o Teaching to the test in schools General Strain Theory Individuals pressured into crime 3 sources of strain o Prevent or threaten to prevent the achievement of positively valued goals o Remove or threaten to remove the achievement of positively valued goals o Present or threaten to present negatively valued stimuli Crime is one alternative to alleviating frustration This results from negative emotions, primarily anger General Strain Theory elaboration Crime/delinquency more likely if strain is o High in magnitude o Unjust o Associated with low social control Types of strain o Objective-(wife left you, didn’t get the raise you wanted) o Subjective-things that are unique to individuals o Vicarious-felt by others around you. You have sympathy for them o Anticipated Neighborhoods Edwin Sutherland Social process oriented theory contrasts with structural theories (e.g. social disorganizations, anomie) Not limited to explaining lower class crime Crime is normal rather than pathological Crime is learned in interaction with others
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Came up with . .. crime is the process of making, breaking, and enforcing laws His Contribution Michael Adler Report- devastating critique of criminology Analytic induction (methodology of discovering universal laws) Differential association is the response- produced a sociological legacy Inspiration for the Theory Symbolic Interaction Cultural Transmission Culture Conflict 9 Principles of Differential Association 1. Criminal behavior is learned 2. It is learned in interaction with others in a process of communication 3. Learning criminal behavior occurs within intimate personal groups 4.
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Part 3 - Criticisms of Early Anomie Theory Does just a good...

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